English Language Mrs. Black

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  • Child Language Acquistion
    • Pre-Birth
      • Hears Heartbeat
      • Hears Loud Noises
      • Hears Voice
    • Birth
      • Recognize mother's voice
      • Cries
      • Growth stage
        • 4 to 6 weeks - Smiles at familiar people
          • 2 to 4 months - Cooing and giggling occurs.
            • 3 to 6 months - imitate speech sounds
              • 4 to 8 months - laughs properly and babbles
                • Babbles mean that the baby can say mono syllables and reduplicates words.
                  • "Bababababababa" or "Gagagaga"
                  • Gesturing occurs with hand movement. The baby is also able to smile.
                • From 6 months - the baby responds to tones. Ranging from angry, happy and others.
                  • Intonation - We use different tones to communicate with babies. "Motherese" and "care-taker speech".
                  • 6-9 months - babies can follow a one step command and gesture.
                    • 6-10 months - Babies can understand individual words. "Mummy".
                      • 7-11 months - babies can follow the command without gesture.
                        • 11 months - Babies an label parents "mama". This is their first word stage.
                          • 10-15 months - Babes can point to objects they want.
                            • 11-20 months - Babies learn to say 4 to 6 words other than mummy and daddy.
                              • Overextension - labelling everything with the same word.
                              • Undextension - labelling one thing as one word exclusively.
                              • 14 - 20 months - Babies can understand a two step command.
                                • Example: "Find your wellies, bring them here."
                                • 18 months = The baby learns 5 to 20 words that are mostly "nouns"
                                  • 16-24 months - Vocabulary growth spurts. 50 words to 150 - 300 words.
                                    • 18-22 months - Two word utterances. "Juice want".
                                      • 19-26 months- Pronouns "me, you, I..." Sense of self.
                                        • 24 months- Speech that is understandable by 50% of strangers.
                  • Phonemic expansion to contraction occurs from 6-8 months
                    • Phoneme means sound part.
                  • Understanding of language begins to occur from 6 months up.

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