Changes in the Family (Topic 2)

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  • Created on: 07-05-17 16:40
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  • Changes in the family
    • Allan and Crow: up the 60s there was a standard life  course for most individuals.
      • Levin: this life course was in effect "compulsory" as there were strong social norms.
        • Both make the conclusion that the contemporary family have seen major changes that have caused the traditional family to fade.
      • Both make the conclusion that the contemporary family have seen major changes that have caused the traditional family to fade.
    • Individualisat-ion thesis
      • Chambers: individulaisation has been key to the change in ideas about love, relationships, family decline etc.
      • Found in the works of Beck and Giddens.
      • Refers to the process whereby traditional social relationships, roles and beliefs lose their influence over the lives of individuals.
      • Smart: thesis exaggerates the extent of family decline. People have not been 'cut free' from social pressures.
    • Pure Relationships
      • Beck: Landscape of love is changing. A refusal of lifelong plans and permanent ties.
      • Giddens: move away from romantic love to confluent love (Active and conditional love)
    • Divorce
      • Reasons for the increase in divorce rate:
        • changes in the law; gradually made divorce easier and cheaper.
          • Given men and women equal rights in divorce.
          • Divorce Reform Act (1969)
        • changes in societ; divorce is more practical and less stigma is attached to it.
          • Role of women
          • Secularisation
          • Privatisation of the family
          • Availability of contraception
          • Welfare support for lone parents.
          • Rising expectation of marriage.
    • Growth of Cohabitation
      • Changing role of women has been economic independence gives them freedom to support themselves unmarries.
      • Reduced stigma
    • Growth of LATs
      • Way of dealing with fall-out from broken relationships.
      • Individualisation thesis
    • Growth of Lone Parent Families
      • Economic independence of women
      • Changing social attitudes.
    • Cultural Diversity
      • (Berthoud) Caribbean: High levels of lone parenthood,  Combination of low rates of partnership and marriage being unimportant to self-image.
      • (Ballard) South Asian: Extended family more common, 'old-fashioned values'. Arranged marriages unites two families. The British 'cereal-packet' family can be found in these families.
    • Growth of singlehood
      • Decline in marriage, rise in divorce and delay of marriage.
      • Women's independence, putting a career before relationships.
        • Geographical Mobility.
      • Less stigma
      • Rejection of relationships
      • Decrease in death rates means pensioners are living longer and will live beyond a partner's life.


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