The challenge of evil

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  • Created by: Phoebe
  • Created on: 12-04-13 18:52
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  • Challenge of Evil
    • Evil
      • pain, suffering, moral wickedness.
    • Natural Evil
      • Evil in the natural world (natural disasters)
    • The problem of evil
      • The challenge of evil too the Judeo-Christians Gods divine attributes
    • Inconsistent Triad
      • If God is omnipotent he is aware of evil and knows how to stop it. If got is omnibenevolent he would want to stop evil. Yet evil still exists.
    • Theodicy
      • The argument that both evil and a benevolent God exists
    • David Hume
      • The God of classical theism cannot exist
    • Antony Flew
      • The challenge of evil is the strongest argument against God
    • Aquinas
      • Gods goodness is different to Human goodness
      • God allows evil and suffering as part of his greater plan of love
    • Augustine
      • God created the world without evil and suffering "very good"
        • Evil is a privation of Goodness
      • Criticisms
        • To say a perfectly created world went wrong is a contradiction
          • It implies Evil  is creatio ex nihliio
          • Either the world was not perfect to start with or God made it wrong
        • 'The Fall'
          • How could  Adam and Eve disobey god without knowledge of good or evil (Augustine misinterprets the fall)
        • Is God really justified in allowing the punishment of one Human being for the sin of another
    • Irenaeus
      • Evil is a consequence of Human free will (like AUgustine)
        • Augustine
          • God created the world without evil and suffering "very good"
            • Evil is a privation of Goodness
          • Criticisms
            • To say a perfectly created world went wrong is a contradiction
              • It implies Evil  is creatio ex nihliio
              • Either the world was not perfect to start with or God made it wrong
            • 'The Fall'
              • How could  Adam and Eve disobey god without knowledge of good or evil (Augustine misinterprets the fall)
            • Is God really justified in allowing the punishment of one Human being for the sin of another
        • Unlike Augustine argues God was partly responsible
      • God created the world imperfectly so that imperfect immature beings could develop through sould searching into a 'child of god'
      • God could not create humans in perfect likeness of himself because they would have to be willing to co-operate
        • Thus the creation of Free will and evil and suffering
      • Natural evil has the divine purpose to develop compassion through soul-searching
      • Moral evil is derived from human free will and disobedience
      • Irenaeus believed Evil and suffering will be overcame and humans will develop perfect likeness to God and everyone will have eternal life in heaven
      • John Hick expended this
        • If God made us perfect we would be robots and love god automaticaly. God wants humans to be genuinley loving and therefore gave them free will.
          • If God became too close to humans they would be unable to make a free choice and therefore does not interact with evil and suffering in the world.
      • Criticisms
        • Is the amount of suffering (The Holocaust) really justified... Has it not gone too far . Is it fair for God to allow the suffering of Humans for an eventual goodness
        • The existence of Heaven is not proven

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