Causes of detente

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  • Causes of detente
    • Economic need
      • USA
        • Inflation reached 6% in 1970
        • unemployment rose to more than 5% (1970s)
        • end of the Bretton Woods currency system
          • less stable trade and economic difficulties throughout the West
        • reduce defence spending
      • USSR
        • 1/6 the size of USA economy
        • demands for consumer goods
        • encouraged trade and loans with West
    • Impact of Vietnam
      • primary objective was removal from the war
      • weakened moral authority of the US
      • extremely expensive ($30 billion)
      • USSR supported the Vietcong
    • Arms Race
      • Fear from CMC
      • "sufficiency over superiority"
        • SALT shows  Nixon was different to other US leaders
      • Soviet were equal in status
    • Ostpolitik
      • 1970/1 West and East Germany negoitate
      • Helsinki Accords 1975 driven by European detente
      • European detente a more influential external factor than China
      • USA and USSR reacting to what's already there
    • Triangular Diplomacy
      • Politburo feared anti-Soviet alliance between USA and China
        • Sino-Soviet tension
          • Usury River incident 1969 (borders dispute)
          • Mao's revolution- difference in ideology
      • Nixon visited China 1972
        • signed Shanghai communique with Mao
      • 26 joint projects
      • 1973- $64.3 billion on trade

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