Slides in this set
WHAT WERE THE CAUSES OF DETENTE?
Fear of War; Cuban Missile Crisis represented the peak
of the Cold War hostilities, bringing the powers to the
brink of nuclear war. MAD gave a deterrent that would
push both countries towards more peaceful relations.
The needs of both countries brought about Detente.
For the USA the involvement in Vietnam had been
economically draining and showed the limits they had
to their power. Also, the rapprochement with China
allowed Detente to be seen as a policy that weakened
the Communist bloc rather than give into it. Detente
gave the USSR the opportunity to invest in its own
economy and improve domestic issues such as food
shortages; it also allowed the USSR to improve trade
links which were vitally needed.…read more
Oil crisis of 1973; led to the USA having an increasing
pressure towards achieving Detente with the USSR
SALT treaties; SALT addressed the key issues over which
the two superpowers found agreement difficult. The
agreement was reached in three areas; the ABM treaty,
the Interim treaty and the Basic Principles Agreement
SALT II; was aimed at setting equal limits for missile
launchers. However, it ended in more negotiation rather
than ratification.…read more
Helsinki agreements; was an agreement that
covered three baskets;
1) Declared the borders of EU countries to be
inviolable; couldn't be altered. It received
criticism from US
2) Covered trade and technology to promote
trade across the Iron Curtain
3) Contained the concessions the West has
tried to gain from the USSR; agreed to
respect human rights.…read more
SUCCESSES OF DETENTE.
SALT I treaty; limited nuclear arms and was the start of
negotiations between the superpowers.
Helsinki Agreements saw negotiations between many
countries, establishing links across the Iron Curtain and
brought about respect for human rights.
The Basic Treaty of 1972 involved the recognition of East
Germany by West Germany.
Trade links were improved between the two superpowers.…read more
Nixon: was the first US president to visit Moscow;
thus increasing relations.
Ford was involved in signing the SALT I treaty which
indicated a desire to move away from dangerous
Carter: US president, and contributed in bringing
Detente to an end by increasing supplies to Anti-
Communist groups and governments in the developing
Brezhnev contributed to Detente negotiations, but his
poor health restricted the effectiveness of these
negotiations, as his level of care was very high.
Kissinger: Nixon's national security advisor in 1969
before becoming secretary of State 1973. He adopted
a practical approach to international relations that
has been termed `realpolitik'…read more