1. Dimensions of sustainable development case studies

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  • Case studies for sustainable development
    • Stockholm
      • Hybrid buses introduced : lower emissions and safer for the environment. Also introduced here in Brighton
      • Automatic buses which do not require drives now function along specific routes. This is ecological (lower emissions), technical (developed specifically for sustainable development), economic (cost effective and save money on employment wages) and legal (approved by law and environment policy).
    • Curitiba
      • Focus on public transport for practical sustainability.
        • Economic. Pays for itself.
        • Ecological: reduced boarding times as tickets are not purchased on the buses - less fuel used.. Also, biofuels introduced to reduce emissions further.
      • Environmental: Parks ring the city. Turned previously unusable land into beautiful green areas --> replenishing resources and avoiding soil erosion by having trees
        • Naturally formed rivers instead of spending money on enclosing the river: let it flow and turned it into lakes within the parkland. Economically sound and doesn't waste the water.
      • Slums and poverty: basic needs provided for everyone.
        • Residents living in illegally built houses are being relocated to a new suburb with roads, electricity and running water.
          • Creates employmentopportunities for the poor as well as professionals.
        • Granted low interest mortgages to pay for their houses which are specifically designed for each inhabitant, , free by city architects.
        • 'equation of co-responsibility.' Social, economic, ecological, political, technological: Poor of Curitiba are invited to join a government scheme where in exchange for 5 kilos of rubbish (cleaning the slums) they are given 1 kilo of fruit / veg (investing local economy and caring for local people). The environment is cared for, as are the people. Technology is developed to support recycling facilities and thus reduce the amount of disposable toxins produced for consumable goods.
    • The South
      • Tropical forests are a wealth of the South, but are being destroyed through deforestation due to demand for timber by the North - half completely gone by 20th century.
        • Ecological natural riches of the forests are intertwined with the economic (profit from selling but also wages paid to labourers) and social  as felling has become a way of life. Had there been other employment options for the people involved, the forests might have been spared.
        • Emissions from felling may be curbed through use of renewable power resources and less polluting, but restoration of the destruction is another matter.
          • Agricultural cultivation - degradation of the soil
          • Species restoration is almost impossible.
          • A lack of responsibility for the consequences of deforestation are touching on the moral dimension.
    • 'A true revolution must be achieved at the level of the individual... convincing the population that they must pay greater attention to the decisions they make.

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