1. How many dimensions does sustainable dev have?

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How many dimensions does sustainable dev have?


Sustainble development marks and attempt to formulate a programme that will integrate diffeent spheres of human activity. This is largel due to a moral conviction as to humankind's responsibility for nature: 'sustainable development is development that meets the needs of the present without compromising the abilities of future generations to meet their own needs.'

This requires the integration of:

- the moral dimension
- the ecological dimension
- the social dimension
- the economic dimension
- the legal dimension
- the technical dimension
- the political dimension

- the moral dimension

Sustainable development is something of an ethical imperative.
'Act, so that the effects of your action are compatible with the permanence of genuine human life' (Jonas 1984). This refers to the existence of a fuure for all hmankind, and to the conditions of the future (qualiy of life).  While the good present in the world cannot itself endanger an enforced respect on the part of humankind, it can ofer a basis for a sense of responsibility that is unconditionally binding.

- the ecological dimension

The conservation f nature and landscape. protection provided by UNESCO Biosphere Reserves, national parks, nature resrves etc. Issue include air polluntants which cannot be contained and thus cover regions which cannot be bordered by law.

- the social dimension

Social environments may suffer in the same way that natural environments do through the destruction of nature. 'Even human relationsips with nature have their social dimension, since all the different kinds of activity oriented towards the environment are mediated via the socio-cultural models in  aplace in a given society.'

'A sure consequence of a lack of respect for other people is a simlar lack of respect for the environment' --> striving to occupy the most favourable position in the social hierarch births competitiveness, and as we know material possession is key in this. 'people's actions have become subordinated to the pursuit of profit' (Sztumski 2000).

This juxtaposition of rich and poor is one of the most serious problems facing the world today. and is touching on the economic dimensions of sustainable development.

- the economic and legal dimension

Managing resources and controlling exploitation:

  • Fees and taxes…


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