Caregiver-infant interactions

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  • Caregiver-infant interactions
    • D = attachment is an emotional bond between two people whuch endures over time
    • Reciprocity
      • Rhythm of taking it in turns - conversation
      • Taking it in turns to respond appropriately = foundation for attachment later
    • Interactional synchrony
      • Imitates another
      • Meltzoff and Moore study
        • 1st study of IS and found infants as young as 2 to 3 weeks old imitated facial and hand gestures
        • Dummy = no movement and adult pulling faces and making gestures
          • F= association between infant behaviour and adult behaviour
    • Parent-infant attachment (Schaffer & Emerson)
      • Majority of babies attached to mothers first
      • Within a few weeks formed secondary attachments
        • 75% attached to farther by 18 mo
    • The role of the farther (Grossman)
      • Longitudinal study - quality of attachment with mother but no farther - attach in adolescence
        • Farther attachment was less important
      • Less to do with nuturing and more to do with play
    • Farther as PC
      • Adopt mother behaviours
        • Important in building attachment
      • Level of responsiveness not gender
    • Females naturally PC
      • Hormones (osterogen) creat higher levels of nurturing - biologically pre-disposed
    • MM study problems
      • Infants mouths are constantly moving
        • Difficult to distiguish between general activity and imitation
    • Failed to replicate
      • Other studies failed to replicate findings
        • Low validity
    • Individual diferences
      • Corrolation between IS and attachment
        • Greater IS = stronger attachment
      • Some require little to no IS and have good attachment


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