Caregiver-Infant Interactions AO1

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  • Caregiver-Infant Interactions AO1
    • Alert phases
      • From birth, babies and caregivers spend lots of time in intense and pleasurable interaction
      • Babies have 'alert phases' and signal they are ready for interaction
      • Caregivers respond to these around two-thirds of the time
    • Interactional synchrony
      • 'The coordination of micro-level behaviour'- Feldman, 2007
      • It takes place when caregiver and infant act in a way that their actions and emotions mirror the other
    • Meltzof and Moore (1977)
      • Observed the beginning of interactional synchrony in infants at 2 weeks old
      • Procedure
        • An adult displayed one of three facial expressions or one of three distinctive gestures
        • The infant's response was filmed
      • An association was found between the expression/gesture and the action of the child
    • Isabella et al. (1989)
      • Procedure
        • Observed 20 mothers and infants together
        • Assessed the degree of synchrony and quality of mother-infant attachment
      • Synchrony is important for development of attachment
      • High levels of synchrony were associated with better quality mother-infant attachment
    • Reciprocity
      • Reciprocal interaction is seen to be increasingly frequent from around 3 months
      • Each person responds to the other and elicits a response from them
      • It involves close attention to each other's verbal signals and facial expressions
      • Brazleton et al. (1975)
        • Described the interaction like a dance
        • Like a couple's dance where each partner responds to each other's moves
    • Activity of baby
      • Traditional views of childhood have seen the baby in a passive role
      • However, it seems the baby takes an active role
        • Both caregiver and child can initiate interactions
        • They appear to take turns in doing so


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