- Introduction to attachment
- Close two way emotional bond between two individuals
- Each individual sees other as essential for own emotional security
- Ensures survival of babies when they are most vulnerable
- Earliest attachment serves as prototype for later ones (IWM)
- Caregiver/infant interactions
- Reciprocity: Interactions between carers/infants results in mutual behaviour. Both parties able to produce responses from each other.
- Interactional synchrony: Mother/infant reflect the actions/emotions of other simultaneously
- Role of the father
- Schaffer&Emerson: Majority of babies attached to mother first, in following weeks formed secondary attachment to father. 75% infants formed attachment with father by 18m.
- Grossman: Attachments in adolescence down to quality of early maternal attachment. Quality of fathers play w/infant related to quality of adolescence.
- Natural role of father more social than emotional, but when fathers have to become primary caregiver they adopt role of mother in order to form attachment.
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