History WW1 PAPER2

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  • Britain during WW1
    • WW1 happened due to germany attacking belgium through france. Due to France and Britain being alliances, britain straight away declared war on Germany.
    • Recruitment: Propaganda was used to encourage men to join the war effort. By 1916 conscription was introduced by the government.
      • Conscientious objectors could be imprisoned
      • Women were recruited in to the army as nurses, drivers and cooks
    • D.O.R.A:        The Defence of the Realm Act.
      • This gave the government full power. Allowed them to the over coal mines, railways and shipping
      • Was passed in 1914
      • Lloyd George became minister of the munitions. He set up  state-run munition factories
      • Government worked with trade unions in order to prevent strikes
    • Reduced work force meant that there was fewer workers actually working due to the men joining the army.
    • Rationing: there was fixed allowance for sugar, tea, meat butter and jam - this was introduced in 1918
      • British Summer time was introduced to allow more daylight hours during the summer = DAY LIGHT SAVING
    • Propaganda: newspaper and soldiers' letters were censored. "The Tribunal" (pacifist newspaper) was shut down, and lies were made up about German atrocities
      • Propaganda also boosted and encourage morale
    • Civilian Casualties: 57 Zeppelin (German airship) bombing roads after 1915, and the German navy shelled Hartlepool, Whitby and Scarborough
    • How did WW1 help women
      • DORA - worked in mutation factories
      • Women took mens roles: e.g. firemen, coal men and bus conductors due to reduced work force
      • Womens land army helped during rationing. Mothers took it upon themselves to help out baking bread and such. Helping out with agriculture
    • After the war: men came back and took back their jobs
      • Political changes: Women over 30 were allowed to vote - 1918     Women over 21 got the vote in 1928    women were allowed to stand for elections as MPs. only 8 women were MPs in 1923
      • Social Changes: many women smoked in public, wore short skirts, had short hair - they were more liberated; had more freedom


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