Bowlby's maternal deprivation AO3

  • Created by: Jordan64
  • Created on: 15-08-17 16:55
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  • Bowlby's theory of maternal deprivation AO3
    • Counter-evidence for maternal deprivation
      • Goldfarb: war-orphans who were traumatised & had poor after-care
        • Found that this caused developmental difficulties
          • Children growing up in poor quality institutions deprived of not just maternal care but other aspects
            • Evidence suggests more factors cause affectionless psychopathy, rather than just separation
    • Counter evidence
      • Lewis (1954) replicated study on larger scale: 500 young people
        • Early prolonged maternal separation didn't predict criminality or difficulty forming close relationships
          • Suggests other factors may affect outcome of early maternal deprivation
    • Critical period as a 'sensitive' period
      • Koluchova's (1976) case study: Czech twin boys isolated from 18 months.
        • Looked after by loving adults and appeared to recover fully - child can recover from deprivation with good aftercare
          • Case study shows the period is sensitive rather than critical
    • Support from animal studies
      • Levy et al (2003): separation baby rats from mother for a day had permanent affect on social behaviour
        • Shows that separation can have severe damage to a child's social, cognitive and emotional development
          • However, there are questions as to how well the findings form Levy's study can be generalised to human behaviour
    • Privation and deprivation not distinguished
      • Rutter (1981): deprivation loss of PCG after attachment developed, privation failure to form attachment
        • Rutter: severe long-term damage that Bowlby associated with deprivation is more likely result of privation
          • Many of the thieves in Bowlby's study had moved from home to home during childhood - may not have formed attachments in first place
            • This could be the cause of affectionless psychopathy rather than deprivation


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