Bowlby's theory AO3

  • Created by: Jordan64
  • Created on: 15-08-17 13:40
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  • Bowlby's theory AO3
    • Mixed evidence for monotropy
      • Shaffer and Emerson (1964): babies attached to one person first, but significant minority formed multiple attachments simultaneously
        • Contradicts Bowlby: babies form one attachment to PCG, which is unique
          • Suggests the attachment to the PCG is not unique
    • Support for social releasers
      • Brazleton et al (1975) instructed PCGs to ignore babies' social releasers
        • Babies initially showed distress, but then motionless
          • Supports the role of social releasers in the attachment between PCG and baby.
    • Support for internal working model
      • Idea of internal working models: patterns of attachment will be passed from one gen to next
        • Bailey et al (2007): 99 mothers; mothers with poor attachment to their parents more likely to have poorly attached infants
          • Supports the role of the internal working model in forming relationships in later life
    • Monotropy socially sensitive - mothers lifestyle
      • Law of accumulated separation: substantial time apart from PCG risks poor quality attachment
        • Burman (1994): argued that this makes the mother responsible for child's misbehaviour
          • Bowlby's intention: boos status of mothers by emphasising importance of role
    • Bowlby may have overemphasise role of attachment
      • alternate explanation: Child's temperament is important in development of social behaviour
        • Temperament researchers suggests biological explanation to child's social behaviour
          • Temperamental differences rather than quality of attachment can explain later social behaviour.


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