Joint Disorders

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  • Bone Disorders
    • Osteoporosis
      • common bone disorder
      • low bone density
      • deterioration of bone tissue
      • Severely weakens the joint making it prone to fractures
      • Hip, spine and wrist joints most commonly affected
      • Older generation and women at higher risk
    • Growth Plate Injuries
      • growth plate is the delicate area found between the shaft and either end of a long bone in children and adolescents
      • are fractures; caused by sudden force travelling through the bone in competitiveness, contact and impact activities e.g. football, hockey, rugby and basketball
    • Osteoarthritis
      • degenerative joint disease
      • loss of articular cartilage at the ends of long bones in a joint
      • causes pain, swelling and reduced motion in your joints
      • affects large, weight-bearing joints
      • repetitive use of these joints through sport and physical activity causes wear and tear on the articular cartilage
    • Posture & Alignment
      • aerobic exercise will help to control body weight meaning less strain is put on the muscles and joints and it becomes easier to maintain the correct body alignment when standing, sitting and exercising
      • strength training or Swiss ball training will increase the muscle tone in the postural muscles of the trunk and develop core stability
    • Joint Stability
      • the resistance offered by various musculo-skeletal tissues that surround a joint
      • a stable joint is able to be compressed and stretched without injury
      • deeper joints that have a larger surface area of connecting bone are the most stable types of joint
      • without regular exercise, ligaments will shorten and become even more prone to injury
      • muscle tone will be last in the surrounding muscles decreasing their stabilising effect


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