Physical Education

chapter one improving fitness and health

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  • Created by: saffron
  • Created on: 12-03-12 22:19

define fitness

...is to be able to cope with the demands made during an individuals day-to-day life :)

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what are the 6 components of health related fitnes

  • cardio-respiratory endurance/aerobic capacity/stamina
  • strength
  • speed
  • power
  • flexibility
  • muscular endurance
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what are the four components of skill-related fitn

  • coordination
  • reaction time
  • agility
  • balance
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what is stamina?

... the ability to sustain stressful physical exertion for a period of time

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define aerobic capacity...

... how efficiently the body can take in, transport and use oxygen

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define skill related fitness!

the combination of physiological factors that enable an individual to cope with the demands of their life, and may also have an effect on their health

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what makes up the cardio-vascular system? (at leas

  • blood vessels
  • arteries
  • arterioles
  • capillaries
  • venules
  • veins
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what are the components of the cardio-respiratory

  • heart
  • lungs
  • blood vessels
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define strength...

... the ability to overcome a resistance, may be explosive, static or dynamic

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what is aerobic capacity dependent on?

  • efficient breathing
  • efficiency of blood taking up 02 in the lungs
  • efficiency of cardio-vascualr system transporting 02 to body cells
  • efficiency of cells taking up and using oxygen
  • effieciency of above factors dealing with waste (c02 and lactic acid)
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define speed..

... the rate at which the body can move from one place to another

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what is muscular endurance?

it is the ability of a muscle or group of muscles to perform repetitive contractions over a period of time

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define flexibility

the range of movement around a joint

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what is power?!

the rapid application of muscular force. strength and speed combined.

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agility is....

the ability to change the body's direction efficiently and under control

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what is balance?

.. a state of stability or equilibrium achieved by keeping centre of mass over or within the base of support

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what is reaction time?

it is the time taken from the start of the stimulus to the start of the response

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coordination is...

a balanced and effective interaction of movements or body actions

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name 4 effects of alcohol

  • liver damage
  • cancer
  • heart disease
  • digestion problems
  • psychiatric disorders.. suicide etc.
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list 6 effects of smoking

  • lung cancer
  • heart disease
  • bronchitis
  • strokes
  • stomach ulcers
  • leukemia
  • gangrene
  • other cancers...
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health is:

physical, mental and social well-being. not just the absence of ill health.

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