Baron Cohen et al. (1997)

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  • Created by: Kearnsi
  • Created on: 09-04-15 16:39
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  • Baron Cohen et al. (1997)
    • Context
      • Autism makes it difficult for sufferers to communicate, have relationships and imagine.
        • Barron-Cohen argued that autism may be caused by a problem with a person's theory of mind.
    • Results
      • Telling the gender of the eyes, all groups did normally
      • average score on eye task
        • Austism 16.3/25
        • None 20.3/25
        • Tourettes 20.4/25
      • Austism range 13-23
      • Strange stories
        • No incorrect answers from tourettes group
        • Very different results with the autistic group who struggled
    • Aim
      • Test whether high-functioning adults with autism and Asperger syndrome would stuggle with a new test for the theory of mind.
    • Conclusion
      • Adults with high functioning Autism have issues with the theory of mind. implies that this may be linked to Autism
      • The eye task is a valid way of assessing theory of mind.
    • Participants
      • Control group
        • 25 men and 25 women with no autism. No IQ tests but it was assumed that they were all of average intelligence.
      • Autistic group
        • 13 men and 3 women of normal intelligence and with diagnosed high functionig autism
          • Volunteer sample gathered from applicants to autistic magazine advert
      • Further comparison group
        • 8 men and 2 women with tourette's syndrome (selected as has some key similarities with autism).
    • Procdure
      • participants shown 25 photos of eyes and asked to identiy their emotion and the gender of the eyes. Also participants were tested with the happe's Strange stories (asking about the emotions and intentions of characters in unfamilliar stories)
        • A pre test down where participants were shown photos of full faces and asked to identify their emotions out of the 6 main emotions
    • Title
      • Study of the ability of adults with autistic spectrum disorders to detect emotion in picctures of eyes
    • Evaluation
      • Sample
        • very small
        • Only 3 women in autistic group and gender inbalance in tourettes group also
          • Not generalisable
      • Laboratory experiment
        • high control over extraneous variables
        • Low EV
      • Eye task
        • not true to real life
        • Researchers completed validity test
      • Quantitative
        • easy to collect and interpret
        • lacks detail
    • Research method
      • laboratory experiment
      • Snapshot study
    • Type of data collected
      • Quantitative data of average correct judgements of emotions and gender.

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