Sources of Stress

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  • Created by: Tasleem
  • Created on: 20-01-13 16:10
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  • Sources of Stress
    • Life Events
      • Homles and Rahe (1967) SRRS
      • Anita DeLongis et al (1982)
        • Evaluation
          • Hassles and health had better correlation that life events and health
          • Individual differences affect the extent which a hassle is stressful or not
          • Overlooks many chronic stresses like poor housing, low incomes, unsatisfying houses etc. Health is probably affected by life events, chronic stresses and daily hassles
          • Khan and Patel (1996) older people have less severe hassles than younger people
    • Work-related Stress
      • Johansson et al (1978) controlled job workers exercise more SAM and had higher levels of absenteeism and psychosomatic illnesses
      • Burnout
        • Maslach and Jackson (1982) measurements of burnout
          • Emotional exhaustion
          • Depersonalisation
          • Perceived inadequacy
      • Noise
        • Glass et al (1969) students noise study
      • Predictability and controllability
        • Cohen at al (1991) colds and control/ predictability
        • Gardner (1978) repeat of noise study
        • Brady (1958) monkey study
        • Langer and Rodin (1976) nursing home study
      • Control vs lack of control
        • Marmot et al (1997) lowest employment highest stress
      • Role conflict
        • Shirom (1989) more control means more role conflict
        • Morgolis and Kroes (1974) perceived role conflict and CHD
    • Individual Differences
      • Personality types
        • Friedman and Rosenman (1959) A B
        • Morm et al (1981) C
      • Hardiness
        • Kobasa (1979) 3 C's
        • Kobasa et al (1985) hardiness and health
        • Funk (1992) criticised hardiness model
      • Gender
        • Stone et al (1990) women less increases in blood pressure
        • Frankenhauser et al (1976) boys more stress hormones in exam
        • Light et al (1980) oestrogen helps with stress
      • Culture
        • Weg (1983) Abkarzians
        • Anderson et al (1989) black surpressed anger
        • Gentry et al (1981) black supressed anger
        • Anderson (1991) acculturation stress
        • Cooper et al (1999) black americans vs black africans
        • Bailey and Dua (1999) Asians in Australia
      • Evaluation
        • supportive evidence
        • correlational not causal relationships
        • Miller and Rahe (1997) women just report more stresses
        • Reductionist approach of catergorisation

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