Autism Studies

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  • Created by: Caitlin R
  • Created on: 15-03-13 00:36
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  • Autism
    • Baron-Cohen et al (1985)
      • Sally-Anne Test - found that someone with autism was unable to understand what someone else's perception of events would be if they were different to their own
    • Baron-Cohen (2008)
      • Autism results in 2 differences in children's developing cognitive abilities. Autistics have poor empathising abilities and they hypersystemise
    • Bauminger and Shulman (2003)
      • Studied friendships of high functioning autistics and compared them to those friendships of children without autism. Both groups tended to have friends of the same gender and age but differences occurred in the number of friends, how often they met, how long they'd been friends and what sort of activities they did
    • Knickmeyer and Baron-Cohen (2006)
      • Brain differences in males and females cause females to be superior at social and communication skills. Autistics lack abilities in these female orientated tasks
    • Falter et al (2008)
      • 28 autistic children, 31 "normal" and found autistic children outperformed on tasks of spatial ability
    • Baron-Cohen (2003)
      • Females are better empathisers, males are better systemisers. Autistics using self-report
    • Baron-Cohen and Wheelwright (2003)
      • Males and females with autism scored significantly lower on a friendship questionnaire than those without autism
    • Campbell and Marino (2009)
      • Children selected peers with lower social status to be "buddies" to those with autism, shows autistics to be less popular and lower in social status
    • Bailey et al (1994)
      • Males have heavier brains, autistics have even heavier brains
    • Bauminger and Kasari (2000)
      • Found  autistic children were lonelier than other children, but understood less about loneliness. High functioning autistic children who all said they had at least 1 friend, the quality of that friendship wasn't strong


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