Attraction

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  • Attraction
    • Walster et al
      • A 'computer dance' was advertised during the fresher's week of a university
      • The first 376 males and 376 females to sign up were accepted into the experiment
      • When signing up, 4 judges secretly assessed the physical attractiveness of the students
      • The students were asked to fill in a questionnaire but their answers were not used
      • The dance was held two days later and the students then completed a questionnaire about their date
    • Walster et al Evaluation
      • It was a field study giving it high ecological validity
      • There were no demand characteristics
      • Ethical issues due to a lack of consent
      • The sample was biased so they weren't a representative
    • The three factor theory of love
      • The perfect relationship consists of three factors
        • Intimacy - The feeling of closeness between two people
        • Passion - The drive that leads to romantic attraction
        • Commitment - The decision to stay with a partner and not have relationships with anyone else
      • The 'Calipano suspension bridge study' supports the theory
      • Allows the description of a variety of relationships
      • Recognises that relationships change over time
      • Human emotions such as love are subjective
      • Cultural differences are not taken into consideration
      • Relationships vary
    • The Social Exchange Theory
      • couples focus on the outcomes of their relationships
      • Costs and rewards are compared, which includes the comparison for alternatives
      • It helps us understand how to maintain successful relationships
      • Too simplistic
      • Ignores cultural differences
      • Can be applied to many different relationships

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