Attachment

  • Created by: wtvrieva
  • Created on: 02-04-19 14:57
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  • Essential bond
    • Attachment
      • Key concepts
        • Affectionate bond
          • Lasting tie to a particular person, is sought to maintain
        • An attachment
          • Feeling secure in the presence of an individual (they provide a safe space to explore the world)
        • Attachment behaviours
          • Behaviours which enable the child/adult to achieve and maintain proximity with the attached person
      • Bowlby's maternal deprivation hypothesis
        • Bowlby (1950)  Absence of maternal care at critical period = negative outcomes
          • Emotional psychopathy, delinquency, low IQ)
        • Evaluation
          • Support for biological basis, huge influence on government and social policy (day care reduced)
          • Theory:restricted sample over simplification of the role of the mother
      • History
        • Harlow’s monkey demonstrated attachment is not just about physical nutrition – also about comfort
          • Attachment is innate, an important mechanism for survival (ensures we are cared for), critical periods in which attachment needs to take place
      • The Internal Working Model
        • over-emphasis on role of mother
      • Mary Ainsworth:The process of attachment
        • Sensitive mothering
          •                  More sensitive, responsive & co-operative the mother is towards the child, the more likely the child will develop a secure attachment
            •    Basis of self-worth and self confidence and later happiness
        • Strange situation - assessment of infant's attachment style
          • Based on the infant's behaviour when the parent returns
          • A series of events in which the child is left for a short while by the mother
          • Classification into 1/4 attachment categories
            • Type A: Anxious/   Avoidant
            • Type B: Secure
            • Type C:Anxious Ambivalent
            • Type D: Disorganised
      • Separation anxiety and stranger anxiety
        • measures aspects of the mother-child relationship not just child characteristics (Dunn, 1993) 
      • Phases
      • Cross cultural research
    • Early bond    between primary caregiver and child is critical to a child's emotional development
  • Mary Ainsworth:The process of attachment
    • Sensitive mothering
      •                  More sensitive, responsive & co-operative the mother is towards the child, the more likely the child will develop a secure attachment
        •    Basis of self-worth and self confidence and later happiness
    • Strange situation - assessment of infant's attachment style
      • Based on the infant's behaviour when the parent returns
      • A series of events in which the child is left for a short while by the mother
      • Classification into 1/4 attachment categories
        • Type A: Anxious/   Avoidant
        • Type B: Secure
        • Type C:Anxious Ambivalent
        • Type D: Disorganised

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