Asthma

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  • Asthma
    • What is it?
      • A respiratory condition marked by spasms in the bronchi of the lungs, causing difficulty in breathing.
      • Usually results from an allergic reaction or other forms of hypersenitivity
    • Symptoms
      • Feeling breathless
      • A tight chest
      • Wheezing, whistling sound when breathing
      • Coughing, usually in the morning and night
      • Attacks triggered by exercise, exposure to allergens and other triggers
    • Severe attacks
      • Too breathless to speak
      • Pulse is racing
      • Lips or fingernails are blue
      • Blue inhaler (reliever) doesn't work
    • Risk Factors
      • Family history
      • Food allergies
      • Having bronchiolitis as a child
      • Being exposed to smoke as a child
      • Being born prematurely
      • Being born with low birth weight
    • Causes
      • Infections
      • Medicines
      • Allergens
      • Indoor conditions - mould
      • Weather conditions
      • Sulphites in foods
      • Food allergies
      • Emotional factors
      • Airborne irritants
      • Exercise
    • Peak flow test
      • Measures how much you breathe out in one breath
    • Spirometry
      • Measures the volume of air you breathe out in one second
      • Measures the total amount of air you breathe out
    • Treatment and Management
      • Inhalers
      • Spacers
      • Oral steroids
      • Medicine in the form of tablets
      • Complementary therapies
    • Impact on the client
      • Fear and anxiety
      • Loss of control
      • Anger and guilt
      • Hypervigilance
      • Denial
      • Embarressment

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