Arthritis

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  • Arthritis
    • Chronic disease - inflammation and painful joints
    • Damaged cartilage and bone deformity can occur
    • Osteoarthritis
      • Wear and tear of joints
      • Protective cartilage worn away causing pain, inflammation,reduced mobility, distortion of bones/growth
      • Old age
      • Occupation repititive
      • Obesity
      • Women more susceptible
      • Injuries increases risk
    • Rheumatoid arthritis
      • Chronic auto immune disease (own body reacts and fights body tissue)
      • Effects joints but can effect heart, eyes, lungs
      • Streptococcal infection - link to children
      • All ages - 30 years & children
      • Genetic link/familial
    • Osteo/Rheu Symptoms
      • Pain in joints; hands, fingers, knees
      • Swollen/stiff joints
      • Inflammation
      • Reduced mobility
      • Distorted joints/growths
    • Rheumatoid symptoms
      • Painful swollen/hot joints
      • Reduced mobility stiffness
      • Illness/fatigue
      • Temperature
      • Painless nodules on joint area
      • Organs can fail' lose eye sight/inflammation of heart/lungs
    • Diagnosis
      • Xray
        • Cartilage, fluid, deformity
      • Blood test
        • Rheumatoid, infection
      • Examination
        • Swollen knee, fluid, infection
    • Treatment
      • Physiotherapy
      • Medical care; surgery, drugs
    • Pain relief
      • Anti-inflammatory medicine
        • Steriods
          • Oral
          • Infection
          • Non-steroids (NSAID)
    • Hip Replacement - Joint replacement
      • Generalanaesthetic
      • Prep patient;fit for surgery
      • 2-3 hrs in surgery
      • Incisionmade
      • Old joint/bone end removed
      • No immunosuppressents(not needed)
      • Untitled
      • Physio;re-educated on movement/posture
      • Wound sewn up
      • Pain relief given
      • New joint cemented in
    • Physio
      • Exercises
        • Maintain movement
        • Maximise independency
  • Swollen/stiff joints

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