Approaches to Psychopathology

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  • Created by: Bethany
  • Created on: 10-01-14 12:22
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  • Approaches to Psychopathology
    • Biological
      • Definition
        • This approach says abnormal behaviour is to do with your biology.
          • Infection
          • Genetics
          • Brain Injury
      • Case Studies
        • Clive Wearing
        • Phineas Gage
        • Holland et el
      • Advantages
        • Drug Development
        • Humane Biological model stops patients blaming themselves
      • Disadvantages
        • Ignores other factors (Reductionism)
        • Cause and Effect - not clear on whether mental illnesses are caused by physical problems or physical problems are a result of the illness
      • Treatments
        • ECT ( Electroconvulisve Therapie)
        • Drugs
    • Behavioural
      • Definition
        • Mental illnesses are learnt
          • Operant Conditioning
          • Classical Conditioning
          • Social Learning Theory
      • Advantages
        • Can account for differences between cultures
      • Disadvantages
        • Cant explain how all Phobias Form
        • Ignores other factors
      • Case Studies
        • Watson & Raynor ( Little Albert)
        • Skinner
        • Becker      ( fiji study )
      • Treatments
        • Systematic Desensitisation
    • Cogitive
      • Definition
        • abnormal behaviour is caused by faulty or irrational thoughts
          • minimising success
          • Magnification of failures
      • Case Studies
        • Lawisann
      • Advantages
        • Emphasises on what is going on at present in your life rather than looking back at childhood
      • Disadvantages
        • Cause or Coonsequence
        • Ignores other factors
      • Treatments
        • Cognitive Behavioural Therapies
          • Meichenbaums
    • Psychodynamic
      • Definition
        • Problems stores in our unconscious that we cannot access can infulence behaviour
          • ID
          • Ego
          • Super Ego
      • Advantages
        • unconscious idea had a massive impact of psychology in general
        • many therapies have been influenced by psycho dynamic theory
      • Case Studies
        • Anna O
        • Rat Man
      • Disadvantages
        • Not scientific, is it falsifiable
        • Critised for being Deterministic
      • Treatments
        • Free Association
        • Dream Therapy

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