Anxiety disorders-behavioural

Behavioural explanation of phobias

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  • Created by: hansolo
  • Created on: 28-03-14 14:48
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  • Anxiety disorders-behavioural
    • Classical conditioning
      • Watson and Rayner (1920)
        • Little Albert study-fear of rats then generalised to white things in general
      • AO2
        • External validity-it cant be generalised to everyone
        • Many people believed the little Albert experiment on a baby is ethically wrong
        • Internal validity-the hypothesis was proved by Little Albert
      • All behaviour is learned including abnormal behaviour
      • Learning is understood via conditioning and modelling, what is learnt can be unlearnt the same way
      • The same law applies to human and animal behaviour
    • Operant conditioning
      • Learning a new behaviour is dew to reward and punishment
        • Positive reinforcement-being rewarded for behaviour
        • negative reinforcement-behaving a way to avoid negative outcomes
        • Punishment-punished for undesirable behaviour
    • Strenght
      • Says phobias are due to maladaptive learning not a mental illness(reassuring)
      • Based on individual experiences so is relevant to different cultures and societies(can be generalised)
    • Weakness
      • Many people have frightening experiences but don't develop phobias
      • Dinardo et al found that some people with phobias had not had traumatic past experiences
      • Many of the studies were conducted in laboratories-it looses ecological validity(can be strength)


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