Psychopathology: defining abnormality and mental disorders

Cultural relativism
the view that behaviour cannot be judged properly unless it is viewed in the context of the culture in which it originates
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deviation from social norms
abnormal behaviour is seen as a deviation from unstated rules about how one 'ought' to behave. anything that violates these rules is considered abnormal
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DSM
a list of mental disorders that is used to diagnose mental disorders. for each disorder a list of clinical characteristics is given
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statistical infrequency
abnormality is defined as those behaviours that are extremely rare
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deviation from ideal mental health
abnormality is defined in terms of mental health, behaviours that are associated would include a positive sttitude towards the self, resistance to stress and an accurate perception of reality
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failure to function adequately
people are judged on their ability to go about daily life. if they can't do this and are also experiencing distress (or others are distressed by their behaviour) then it is considered a sign of abnormality
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depression
a mood disorder where an individual feels sad/or lacks interest in their usual activities. further characteristics include irrational negative thoughts, raised or lowered activity levels and difficulties with concentration, slep and eating
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obsessive compulsive disorder
an anxiety disorder where anxiety arises fom both obsessions (persistant tjoughts) and compulsions (behaviours that are repeated over and over again). Comulsions are a response to obsessions and the person believes the compulsion will relieve anxiety
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phobias
a group of mental disorders characterised by high levels of anxiety in response to a particular stimulus or groups of stimuli. The anxiety interferes with normal living.
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

abnormal behaviour is seen as a deviation from unstated rules about how one 'ought' to behave. anything that violates these rules is considered abnormal

Back

deviation from social norms

Card 3

Front

a list of mental disorders that is used to diagnose mental disorders. for each disorder a list of clinical characteristics is given

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

abnormality is defined as those behaviours that are extremely rare

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

abnormality is defined in terms of mental health, behaviours that are associated would include a positive sttitude towards the self, resistance to stress and an accurate perception of reality

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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