- Roads to Anarchy
- Roads to Anarchy
- Quite commonly anarchists have turned away from active politics, concentrating instead on writing or on experiments in communal or cooperative living.
- Anarchists have not only been apolitical but also positively anti political, repelled by the conventional process and machinery of politics.
- The problem confronting anarchism is that if the state is evil and oppressive, any attempts to win government power of even influence government must be corrupting and unhealthy.
- For example electoral politics is based on a model of representative democracy, which anarchists firmly reject. Political power is always oppressive, regardless with how it is acquired.
- Anarchists are disenfranchised by political parties and is a contraction m as parties *** bureaucratic and hierarchical organisations.
- Anarchists have been forced to explore less orthodox means of political activism; revolutionary violence, direct action, non - violent protest.
- Revolutionary Violence
- Terrorism - The use of violence to induce a climate of fear or terror in order to further political ends; a clearly pejorative and usually subjective term
- Anarchist leaders tried to ‘oppressed m***es’ to insurrection and revolt.
- There have been examples of uprisings in Italy and France yet anarchist risings ultimately failed, partly because they were based on the belief of spontaneous revolt rather than careful organization.
- Anarchists have turned to terror to create an atmosphere of terror or apprehension.
- Anarchists justify terrorism as they have been fought to be just, it is seen as a form of retribution. It merely mirrors everyday violence and directs it towards the guilty.
- Violence is seen as a way of demoralising the ruling cl*** and stimulating revolution of the m***es.
- Terror can be used to; inspire others, gain support, psychological warfare, create fear, make other sympathetic, to keep the cause in the news and may be as there is no conventional method that will be listened to.
- The disadvantage of terror is that; it can create outrage, turn people further from cause, increase popularity for rival ideologies, increase state control, which may lead to groups demise.
- Non - Violent Process
- Pacifism - A commitment to peace and a rejection of war or violence in any circumstance (‘pacific’ derived from Latin and means peace - making)
- The principle of non violent protest has appealed to anarchists for two reasons; first it reflects the respect for human beings as moral and autonomous creatures, second it has been attractive as a political strategy, as it demonstrates strength and moral purity of one's own actions.
- Anarchists who have been attracted to principles of pacifism have tended to shy away from m*** political activism, preferring instead to build model communities that reflect the basic principles of cooperation and mutual respect. They hope the stark contrast of peacefulness and content enjoyed in these communities will influence society.
- Direct Action
- New politics - A style of politics that distrusts representative mechanic and bureaucratic processes in favour of strategies of popular mobilisation and direct action.
- Short revolutionary ***aults on existing society, anarchists have employed tactics of direct action.They use methods of striking, general strikes, sabotage, boycotts.
- The advantages are; decentralised, populist movements, aims and objectives can’t be affected by the system and establishment.
- Yet the disadvantages are it can; turn public opinion against the cause, outsider groups have no influence in insider politics, hard to keep movement organised as decentralised.
- the use of strikes, demonstrations, or other public forms of protest rather than negotiation to achieve one's demands. "protestors took direct action by chaining themselves to bulldozers"
- Roads to Anarchy
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