Music: Miles Davis- All Blues

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  • All Blues
    • Instrumentation
      • Frontline: Trumpet- Miles Davis Alto Sax- Julian Adderley Tenor Sax- John Caltrone
      • Rhythm: Piano- Bill Evans Double Bass- Paul Chambers Drums- Jimmy Cobb
      • Overall Timbre- Mellow. Trumpets use muting, ghost notes and rests to create a relaxed feel.
      • The saxes often play in parallel 3rds and 4ths.
      • Drums keep steady beat (ride cymbals) whilst improving complex rhythms on snare drum. Played with brushes initially
    • Structure
      • Based around a 12 bar chord sequence (known as the changes) heard at least 19 times in total with 4 bar linking riff between each section
      • Chord sequence loosely based on standard 12 bar blues pattern but uses some alternations.
      • Double  Bass is based on rhythmic riff, changes to emphasise altered chords, pizzicato (plucking).
      • Piano plays simple riffs and chords (comping). Same chorus throughout but constantly changing voicing.
      • Trumpet never solos at the same time as saxes- clearly defined      accompanying role for saxes if trumpet is playing solo etc.
      • Bar 1-4 G7, 5-6 Gm, 7-8 G7, 9 D7#9, 10 Eb7#9/D7#9, 11-12 G7.
    • Harmony
      • Use of Blue notes.
      • #9 chords causing subtle dissonance
    • Tonality
      • Gmajor/ use of mixolydian mode in solos (especially Davis)
    • Melody
      • Main melody ( trumpet bar 9) begins with major 6th jump then a long high note that is often ornamented (with a mordent) but largely lies in the range of a 5th
      • Otherwise movement is stepwise
    • Dynamics
      • Subttle no great variation Says around mp-mf
      • Only variation from expression in solos
    • Metre and Tempo
      • 6/4 crotchet= 152 sounds like 2 dotted minim. Jazz waltz feel

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