Blues Music Key features
Created by slaves in South America in early 20th century
Blues scale= Flattened 3rd + 7th (+5th) <--- Blue notes
2nd + 6th left out
Minor 3rd, Tone, Semitone, Semitone, Minor 3rd, Tone
Swung quavers + Syncopation
12-bar blues= 12 bars. Chords 1, 4 + 5
3 line verses
Call and response
Comping= Short for accompanying
All Blues from Kind of Blue- Miles Davies
Miles Davies is American. Released in 1959. Recorded in 1 take.
Mf throughout. In 6/4. Melody is characterised by rising 6ths. Swung quavers + Syncopation
Harmon muted trumpet, ghost notes + rests in solos create mellow timbre
Simple texture. In G with flattened 7th but call it Mixolydian mode- Modal jazz.
12-bar blues- 1 sequence is called a chorus. Augmented 9th used in comping chords.
Trumpet- Miles Davis, Alto sax- 'Cannonball' Adderley, Tenor sax- John Coltrane (frontline instruments), Piano (Tremolo at start. Has short solo), double bass (pizz. throughout) + drums (uses brushes at start)
Intro- 8 bars, Head 1- 32 bars, Improv. solo sections, Head 2- 32 bars, Coda- 12 bars
4-bar riff in parallel 3rds that separates each section.
Trumpet solo lasts for 4 choruses- syncopated motifs. Alto sax solo lasts 4 choruses- wider range, virtuostic. Tenor sax solo lasts 4 choruses- quick runs, very virtuostic. Piano solo lasts 2 choruses- calmer, leads into parallel chords.