Accommodation Theory etc

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  • Accommodation Theory
    • Howard Giles 1970's
      • We adjust  our speech for the listener.
        • This results in divergence or convergence.
          • Convergence - move our speech closer to that of the other person.
          • Divergence - when speech moves away from that of the other person.
          • The effect of Convergence: decreases social distance.
            • Downward Convergence- when you tone down you accent to fit in with others
            • Upward Convergence- when you eliminate some features of your speech to move it closer to the received pronunciation
    • Grice's Maxims
      • Conversation works because the participants abide by certain rules and conventions. He argued that conversation proceed on the assumptions that those taking part have common goals have agreed ways of achieving these goals.
        • A person must be willing to contribute something in line with the purpose of the conversation.
      • Speakers try to be clear, relevant, informative and truthful, while listeners try to interpret what is being said.
        • Quantity, Quality, Relevancy and Manner.
    • Role of Politeness
      • Face, interaction, 'losing face' or 'saving face', face threatening face- face doesn't match lower status think about face more than high status/
    • Positive and Negative politeness
      • Negative: Indirect language, do not pry into lives, e.g. sir, madam, apologetic, cultures are different.
      • Positive: Show interest, compliments, first names.
  • We adjust  our speech for the listener.
    • This results in divergence or convergence.
      • Convergence - move our speech closer to that of the other person.
      • Divergence - when speech moves away from that of the other person.
      • The effect of Convergence: decreases social distance.
        • Downward Convergence- when you tone down you accent to fit in with others
        • Upward Convergence- when you eliminate some features of your speech to move it closer to the received pronunciation
  • Role of Politeness
    • Face, interaction, 'losing face' or 'saving face', face threatening face- face doesn't match lower status think about face more than high status/

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