Occupation pt 2.

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  • Occupation
    • Fairclough,  2001
      • Instrumental Power
        • Enforces authority and is improved by the laws, state, conventions and organisations e.g "SHUT UP NOW"
    • Teun Van Dijk, 2014
      • "Discourse and knowledge." Power in interpersonal communication. Importance of prgamatics, roles and identities etc.
        • We are influenced by a "knowledge device", states that "each word I use, each thing I say, should be adapted to what I think your knowledge is."
      • Speech Community
        • Argues that it is your knowledge of your audience that influences way you speak e.g age, occupation.
      • Convergence
        • It is social situations and asymmetry that influences a speaker to select a certain register, where a participant adheres to expectations.
    • Giles Accomidation Theory 1970s
  • Argues that "when people interact they adjust their speech, their vocal patterns and their gestures to accommodate to others."
    • Giles Accomidation Theory 1970s
  • Hedges: A way of softening something "You're kind of failing"
  • Hyperbole: Exaggerating something
  • Minimial Response: Monosynbollic short, one worded
  • Lexicon: The vocabulary of a person
  • Acronym: A word formed from the first letter of other words
  • Divergence - When certain contexts cause a particular occupation to an appropriate formal register
  • Semantic Field: A lexical set of semantically related items e.g verbs of perception
  • Fillers: Fill the blank, gives the person thinking time.
  • Figurative Language: Language is representative rather than literal
  • Discourse Marker: outline a change in topic.
  • Colloquial Language: Informal conversation, everyday speak style
  • Phatic: Relating to language used for general social interaction e.g Hello, how are you?
  • Field Specific Language: language to do with the occupation


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