bangladesh

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  • Created by: anna
  • Created on: 26-05-14 16:12
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  • 1998 Bangladesh Floods
    • Causes
      • Physical Factors
        • The country is built on a huge flood plain
        • 70% of the country is less than 1 metre above sea level
        • Snowmelt from the Himialayas
        • Bangladesh experiences heavy monsoons and tropical storms
        • The main cause was that there was a long period of torrential rain that caused all 3 rivers to flood at once
      • Human Factors
        • Deforestation in Nepal
        • Urbanisation of the flood plain
        • Building of the dams in India caused sedimentation to raise the river bed
        • Global warming
        • Poorly maintained flood defenses
    • Effects of the floods
      • Over 57% of the land was flooded
      • Over 1300 people were killed
      • 7 million homes were destroyed
      • 25 million people were made homeless
      • There was a major food and water shortage
      • Deadly diseases spread around
      • The floods cost  $1billion
      • 2 million tonnes of rice was destroyed
    • Response By Man
      • Long Term
        • Reduce deforestation in Nepal
        • Build 7 dams to store excess water
        • Build 5000 flood shelters
        • Build a 7 metre high embankment
        • Create flood water storage space
        • Develop a flood warning scheme
      • Short Term
        • Boats to rescue people
        • Emergency supplies
        • Food for liverstock
        • Repair and rebuild houses and sewage
        • Aid from other countries

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