1.2 In What Ways Can River Basins Be A Multi-Use Resource (Thames)

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  • Created on: 07-05-14 20:11
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  • 1.2 In What Ways Can River Basins Be A Multi-Use Resource (Thames)
    • Water Supply
      • Thames-  4700 million litres of water abstracted
        • Demand has increases by 1.7% each year
          • use for water in home and garden
          • losses through leaks from distribution systems and consumers plumbing
          • population growth and household size
          • development pressure and economic activity
      • supply for agricultural needs
        • Thames-  4700 million litres of water abstracted
          • Demand has increases by 1.7% each year
            • use for water in home and garden
            • losses through leaks from distribution systems and consumers plumbing
            • population growth and household size
            • development pressure and economic activity
      • Supply for Industrial uses
      • Industrial Development
        • areas containing chalk, limestone, sand and gravel create great opportunities for mineral extraction
        • Allow import and export of raw materials and finished goods.
        • Large scaled industries i.e car manufacturing and iron and steel works are located on floodplains
          • Land is cheap
          • Water for cooling purposes
          • River for trade
            • Allow import and export of raw materials and finished goods.
      • Residential development
        • supply of drinking water
        • good potentail for trade and communications
        • flat sites for residential and industrial development
        • settlements built on raised ground to reduce flood risks
      • The Thames Gateway
        • regeneration scheme
        • develop brownfield sites
        • forecast housing growth of 100,000
        • employment growth of 300,000
        • proposed development in the Thames Gateway in areas largely at risk of tidal flooding
        • Caused Conflict
          • demand for more houses
            • 120,000 homes
            • build homes on stilts and roads on embankments above flood level
          • contains important ecological areas e.g wetlands
      • Transportation and Trade
        • creates jobs in transport, storage, logistics
          • Mulitplier effects - demand for houisng, retail, healthcare, education
            • the more trade there is, the more jobs are created
        • river valleys are relatively flat and make transport routes easy to build.
      • Recreation and Leisure
        • Fishing
        • Swimming
        • canoeing
        • The valleys of the Cherwell and Thames
          • sports grounds
          • Farmland
          • The city's botanical gardens
      • Flood Defences
        • protections to over 420,000
        • beyonce 2030, the barrier will need upgrading est. £4 billion
      • Conservation
        • Many SSSI
        • Thames Estuary and Marshes Special Protection Area SPA/Ramsar site
    • Many SSSI

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