1.2 In What Ways Can River Basins Be A Multi-Use Resource (Mekong)

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  • Created on: 08-05-14 18:10
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  • 1.2 In What Ways Can River Basins Be A Multi-Use Resource? (Mekong)
    • South East Asia's largest river, world's 8th largest
      • Value as a resource is immence
        • Water Supply
        • Industrial
        • Recreational
      • 6 countries share The Mekong, causing conflict
      • largest city on The Mekong only has 1.1 million inhabitants
    • Transportation
      • It is Limited because the river is not navigable
      • In the dry season, when the river is low, there are reefs and shifting sand bars
      • When the water level rises, many rapids of the Si Phan Don (Four Thousand Islands) form an obstacle to shipping
    • Industrial and Economic Development
      • Limited in the early 20th century, accelerated since.
      • Located in the fast-emerging pacific rim
      • Government of China and Vietnam keen to develop national economies.
      • first dam was built was not completed until 1993
      • first bridge across the lower Mekong was built in 1994 between Laos and Thailand.
      • Population growing rapidly but economic growth is increasing even faster.
    • Residential Development
      • home to 55 million people, have to contend with wide spread flooding.
      • in 2000, over 800 people died and many more were displaced.
      • population is predicted to rise.
      • more demand on infrastructure and water supply.
      • Disposal of sewage already a challenge, finding much of it in the river.
    • Recreation and Leisure
      • one of the fastest growing destinations
      • Mekong river is benefiting from the economic growth.
      • development of expansion has the potential to conflict with locals and activities such as fishing
      • region recieve funding from the Asian Development Bank, help conserve environment and implement sustainable development
    • Energy Development
      • HEP potential is considerable , mainly due to steep relief and large volume of water transported.
      • only 1600 MW out of 30,000 MW of the Lower Mekong Basin has been developed.
      • dams generate valuable electricity, aid irrigation and regulate flooding.
      • dams caused irreplaceable damage to Mekong's most valuable resource, its fisheries.
    • Farming and Water Supply
      • Farming hampered by the large seasonal floods that occur each year.
      • 80% of Rice production depends of water, silt and nutrients.
      • Very rich fishing grounds.
      • Dams could mean less frequent flooding, reducing fishing and farming.
    • Fishing and Water Supply
      • yield more fish than anyother fishing system
      • 2 million tonnes harvested.
      • home to over 1200 different species

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