Yalta and Potsdam

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USSR's Aims (Yalta, Feb 1945)
Wanted: reparations from Germany; continued economic aid from the USA; an Eastern Bloc; to weaken Germany and regain lost land.
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USA's Aims (Yalta, Feb 1945)
Wanted: USSR support against Japan; to rebuild the European economy; US-Europe trade links; stop Communist expansion; global economic cooperation (IMF/World Bank); global stability (UN)
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UK's Aims (Yalta, Feb 1945)
Wanted: USA to play a key role in post-war Europe; to keep USSR support against Germany; to protect Polish sovereignty; ensure Eastern Europe stability; maintain the British Empire; secure US economic support.
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Which personnel changed between Yalta and Potsdam?
Winston Churchill was replaced by Clement Attlee. Franklin D. Roosevelt died and was replaced by his inexperienced VP H. Truman.
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What else changed?
Germany surrendered on May 5; Truman adopted a 'Get Tough' policy; atomic diplomacy and monopoly came into play; the Red Army's presence in Eastern Europe.
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What were the key disagreements?
Ideology and the size of reparations from Germany. Stalin and France wanted larger reparations, whilst the USA and UK wanted smaller reparations.
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What was agreed at Potsdam?
The division, demilitarisation and de-Nazification of Germany; the Polish borders; persecution of Nazis as war criminals at the Nuremberg Trials and participation in the United Nations.
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What issues were there at Potsdam?
The development of the A-bomb and Stalin not being formally informed; the size of reparations was disagreed on; Germany's economic future; a communist-dominated coalition government in Poland (the UK severely disagreed); concern over the Red Army.
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

Wanted: USSR support against Japan; to rebuild the European economy; US-Europe trade links; stop Communist expansion; global economic cooperation (IMF/World Bank); global stability (UN)

Back

USA's Aims (Yalta, Feb 1945)

Card 3

Front

Wanted: USA to play a key role in post-war Europe; to keep USSR support against Germany; to protect Polish sovereignty; ensure Eastern Europe stability; maintain the British Empire; secure US economic support.

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

Winston Churchill was replaced by Clement Attlee. Franklin D. Roosevelt died and was replaced by his inexperienced VP H. Truman.

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

Germany surrendered on May 5; Truman adopted a 'Get Tough' policy; atomic diplomacy and monopoly came into play; the Red Army's presence in Eastern Europe.

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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