WW1 - Weapons and Phase 1

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What was the German tactic to invade France through Belgium called and when did it take place?
The Schlieffen Plan, the 3rd of August 1914
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How many man of the BEF first landed in France, and who was leading them?
80,000 men (30,000 horses and 315 guns), army led by Sir John French
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Which battle against the Germans 'miraculously' saved Paris?
The Battle of the Marne, 5th - 12th of September 1914
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When and what was 'the Race to the Sea'?
The series of battles as the two sides tried to outflank each other, using trenches to hold their positions, 12th October - 11th November 1914
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How many men were lost in the 'Race to the Sea?'
50,000 of the BEF (100,000 Germans)
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What was the creeping barrage?
Advancing infantry protected by an arc of artillery fire in front of them, a French idea
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What percentage of deaths in the war were caused by the use of gas?
3%
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When were phosphene and mustard gas introduced and what did they cause?
1917, burning and blistering of the skin
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How many BEF troops were there by the end of 1914?
245,197
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What sort of weapons did the British army have?
Lee Enfield rifles, Vickers machine guns (450 rounds per minute, in 1915 each battalion had 4 machine guns, by 1918 each division has 64), Lewis gun (light machine gun), Stokes Mortar (could fire 22 shells per minute), grenades/shells
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When did Sir Douglas Haig become the new Commander in Chief of the BEF?
December 1915
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Why were German trenches superior to British ones?
They had decided where to stop retreating, building their trenches first, so they were better positioned and much deeper than their British equivalents
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What was the fuse 106?
Allowed high explosive shells to explode as they hit the ground, good for destroying barbed wire
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When did radio communication become more widely used?
1916
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Card 2

Front

How many man of the BEF first landed in France, and who was leading them?

Back

80,000 men (30,000 horses and 315 guns), army led by Sir John French

Card 3

Front

Which battle against the Germans 'miraculously' saved Paris?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

When and what was 'the Race to the Sea'?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

How many men were lost in the 'Race to the Sea?'

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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