CAEOTFWW - 4 and 6 Mark Questions

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  • Created by: Raagnaros
  • Created on: 08-04-15 08:42
What was the Entente Cordiale in 1904?
It was an agreement between Britain and France. It was a friendly agreement. France called it a friendly understanding.
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What was the Triple Entente?
It was an agreement between Britain, France and Russia. It was set up in 1907. It was a settlement of existing differences. It was for mutual support it was not a military alliance.
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Describe the Alliances that existed between the Great Powers before 1914.
Europe was divided into two armed camps. There was the Triple Alliance between Germany, Austria-Hungary and Italy. In 1904 the Entente Cordiale was signed, which meant 'Friendly Understanding' between Britain and France.
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Describe the Moroccan crisis of 1905.
The Kaiser visited Morocco. The Kaiser made a speech supporting Moroccan independence. The French were upset because they saw Morocco as being in their area of influence. The Kaiser was provoking France and testing the Entente Cordiale.
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Explain why the Kaiser become involved in Morocco in 1911.
In 1911 there was a rebellion against the Sultan of Morocco which was put down with French help. This was an opportunity for the French to take Morocco. The French were prepared to grant compensation to Germany. Germany sent a gunboat.
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Card 5 continued.
This alarmed Britain as they thought Germany was going to set up a naval base. Kaiser had been humiliated in 1905-6 over Morocco. The Kaiser wanted to set up a naval base. The Kaiser wanted to try and split France and Britain.
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Explain why there was a naval arms race between Britain and Germany between 1900 and 1914.
The German government had believed that sea power was the key to a successful creation of a great empire. It followed that Germany had to have a great navy that was able to challenge Britain. Germany wanted to protect its empire.
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Card 7 continued.
The passing of the German Navy Law. Because each began building Dreadnoughts.
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Describe the conditions in the trenches.
The food was basic. It was wet and muddy, which caused trench foot. There was a danger of gas attacks and there was vermin such as rats.
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Describe trench warfare.
Artillery bombarded the front-line of the enemy. As soon as the barrage stopped the infantry would go 'over the top'. The defenders stopped attacks using machine guns. Holding on to any captured positions was almost impossible.
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Explain why a stalemate developed on the Western Front.
The machine-gun was an ideal defensive weapon. Commanders were not prepared for this and they had little or no idea about trench warfare. Generals often failed to make use of new weapons such as gas and flamethrowers,
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Explain why there was a high level of casualties on the first day of the Battle of the Somme.
There was to be a huge artillery bombardment followed by an infantry attack. However, this was not effective as the Germans were on high ground. German defences were deep underground and fortified. The defensive wire was not broken.
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Card 12 continued.
British shells were poor quality. The ability of the artillery was over estimated. The tactic was advancing on the enemy was used. The poor weather caused problems.
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What did Germany achieve through its use of U-Boats?
To starve the people of Britain. Britain could not produce all the food that it needed and so had to import. It was the intention to stop these imports. They wanted to reduce morale. To stop aid coming from America.
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Describe what happened at Gallipolli.
The warships began their assault in March 1915. The warships bombarded the forts on the Dardanelles Strait. Three battle cruisers were sunk so a land invasion was launched. British. French and ANZAZ troops attacked Helles Beach.
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Describe U-Boat warfare.
Germany used their U-Boats in an attempt to blockade Britain. There was a need for industrial gods mainly from the Empire and they tried to stop this. In February 1915 the seas around Britain were declared a war zone. In 1915 the Lusitania was sunk.
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Explain why the U-Boat campaign failed.
Mines were used to stop U-Boats. They destroyed more U-Boats than any other weapon and helped prevent U-Boats entering the English Channel or ports. Depth charges exploded underwater and targeted U-Boats. The convoy system was introduced.
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Explain why Britain won the war at sea.
The Germans used U-Boats. The British used mines to prevent the U-boats using the English Channel and from sailing into British Ports. The British used Q ships. These were heavily armed decoy ships.
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Card 18 continued.
Designed to fool U-Boats into attacking well defended targets. From mid-1917 almost all merchant ships travelled in convoy with British and American warships to defend against attack.
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Explain why the Battle of Jutland was important.
The blockade imposed by Britain on Germany was causing severe damage to Germany. The two navies met at Jutland. Germany had the better of the fighting and sunk 14 British ships and only losing 11 ships. However the Germans did not break the blockade.
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Card 20 continued.
It was the only major sea battle. The German navy challenged the British navy supremacy. Following the Battle of Jutland Germany adopted a policy of unrestricted submarine warfare. The German fleet never left the port again.
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

What was the Triple Entente?

Back

It was an agreement between Britain, France and Russia. It was set up in 1907. It was a settlement of existing differences. It was for mutual support it was not a military alliance.

Card 3

Front

Describe the Alliances that existed between the Great Powers before 1914.

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

Describe the Moroccan crisis of 1905.

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

Explain why the Kaiser become involved in Morocco in 1911.

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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