Why did the wartime alliance break down?

HideShow resource information
What does Capitalism mean?
Capitalism is the idea that property and businesses are owned by an individual or private companies. People's ability to speak freely is more important than everyone being equal. This leads to some people being very wealthy and others very poor.
1 of 27
What does Communism mean?
Communism is the idea that property and businesses are owned by the state. They believe that society as a whole is more important than the individual. Everyone earns the same. In USSR only communist leaders could be voted in.
2 of 27
Name three things decided in the Yalta Conference.
Germany and Berlin would each be split into 4 zones. Eastern Europe is seen as a 'Soviet sphere of Influence'. Hunt down and punish war criminals. Countries freed from German occupation could hold free elections. Big three join the UN.
3 of 27
Who were the big three at the Yalta Conference?
Stalin, Roosevelt and Churchill
4 of 27
What was the main disagreement at Yalta?
What to do with Poland
5 of 27
Who were the big three at Potsdam?
Truman, Atlee and Stalin
6 of 27
What were 3 disagreements at Potsdam?
The future of Germany. Reparations. Soviet Policy in Eastern Europe.
7 of 27
Why was there increased tension at Potsdam?
Truman was very anti communist. The Americans had a successful test of the atomic bomb the day before and made this known to the Russians.
8 of 27
Why was the Atomic Bomb used?
To scare the USSR. To end the war with Japan quickly.
9 of 27
What was the border between the East and the West called?
The Iron curtain.
10 of 27
What country was communist but wasn't under Stalin's control?
Yugoslavia
11 of 27
What was Marshall aid?
Marshall Aid was $17 billion given in the forms of money, resources and advice to rebuild countries economies.
12 of 27
What was the Truman Doctrine?
Policy to stop the spread of communism (containment). Under the doctrine money, equipment and advice would be sent to any country facing the threat of communism.
13 of 27
What dies Cominform stand for?
Communist Information Bureau.
14 of 27
What does Comecon stand for?
Council for Mutual Economic Assistance.
15 of 27
Why was Comecon beneficial for the USSR?
It made the other countries trade with the USSR at much lower prices.
16 of 27
How long did the Berlin Blockade last for?
Around 10 months
17 of 27
What was the new currency introduced in West Germany/Trizonia?
'Deutschmark'
18 of 27
What was the main reason for the formation of NATO?
Truman would have secure bases in Eastern Europe for US forces. It was used for protection and to protect each other from attack.
19 of 27
Explain the meaning behind the term 'bomber gap'.
The idea that there was a difference in amount of nuclear weapons between the USA and USSR. This gap was not a real threat but caused panic throughout America.
20 of 27
Who was the leader of North Korea?
Kim Il Sung
21 of 27
Who was the leader of South Korea?
Syngman Rhee
22 of 27
Who was the commander for the UN army sent to help South Koreal
General MacArthur
23 of 27
Who replaced Stalin after his death in 1953
Khrushchev
24 of 27
Who was the hard line communist leader that eventually 'retired'?
Matyas Rakosi
25 of 27
Why did Soviet forces move into Budapest in 1956?
Khrushchev couldn't accept Hungary leaving the Warsaw pact and becoming neutral. It planned to hold free elections.
26 of 27
Which major power was first to have a man-made satellite successfully launched?
Russia naming the satellite Sputnik.
27 of 27

Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

What does Communism mean?

Back

Communism is the idea that property and businesses are owned by the state. They believe that society as a whole is more important than the individual. Everyone earns the same. In USSR only communist leaders could be voted in.

Card 3

Front

Name three things decided in the Yalta Conference.

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

Who were the big three at the Yalta Conference?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

What was the main disagreement at Yalta?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
View more cards

Comments

No comments have yet been made

Similar History resources:

See all History resources »See all The Cold War resources »