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The Cold War
Section 1 Paper 1
Core Content…read more

Slide 2

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The Wartime Alliance Between the
USA and the USSR
· The USA and USSR had initially formed an alliance in order to defeat Hitler but in
fact they were very different.
· The two countries had clashing ideologies as the USA was a democracy and it
held democratic elections however the USSR was a communist state. Almost
everything about them was different including individual rights, individual
wealth, the ownership or industries and whether or not they supported the idea
of revolution.
· Thirty Years Earlier ­ British and American troops were sent to fight in the civil
war in Russia against the communists so this made the USSR wary of Britain and
the USA. In the 1920's a Red Scare was created in the USA because of the huge
fear of communism. The British government was also convinced that a general
strike in 1926 was the work of Russian agents.
· Ten Years Earlier ­ There was tension between Britain and the USSR because
Stalin did not agree with the policy of Appeasement that had been created as he
wanted to keep Germany crippled so that they were not a threat.
· The only thing that the countries did have in common was their determination
to defeat Hitler.…read more

Slide 3

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The Yalta Conference
February 1945
· By this time it was clear that Germany · The Agreements;
was losing the war so The Big Three, ­ Stalin agreed to enter the was
Stalin, Churchill and Roosevelt, got against Japan once Germany had
together to decide on what would surrendered.
happen to Europe. ­ Germany and Berlin would be
· Overall the Yalta Conference was a divided into 4 zones: American,
success as The Big Three generally British, French and Soviet.
agreed on what would happen in ­ To hunt down and punish anyone
Europe other than the expansion of responsible for the genocide.
their borders into Poland although ­ Allowed to hold free elections in
Churchill persuaded Roosevelt to Germany.
agree to this as long as the USSR ­ Stalin expanded his borders into
would leave Greece alone. Poland and agreed to leave Greece
· Despite the fact that the conference alone.
went so well, it was unlikely that they
would stay allies due to their different
ideologies. Furthermore, now that
their one common aim was practically
complete they would have no other
reason to remain in alliance.…read more

Slide 4

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The Potsdam Conference
July-August 1945
· Between the two conferences a lot had · The Agreements;
changed. Hitler committed suicide in ­ German and Austrian borders agreed.
April 1945. ­ Nazi party dissolved and a trial or former
Nazi's was to take place.
· Stalin left his troops in eastern Europe
­ Freedom in Germany.
and by July they were effectively
­ Germany would fund all war expenses to
controlling the Baltic countries. Britain Allies.
and the USA protested but Stalin insisted ­ All German people must live in Germany.
that it was for defensive reasons only. · The Disagreements;
· Harry Truman took over as American ­ Stalin wanted to keep Germany crippled to
President after President Roosevelt died prevent it from being a threat in the future
in April 1945. He was much more anti- but Truman and Attlee didn't want to repeat
the mistakes of the treaty of Versailles.
communist than Roosevelt so this
­ Stalin wanted a lot of compensation but
created tension at the conference as he Truman didn't want to repeat the mistakes
was even less accepting of Stalin's of WW1
communist ideas. ­ Stalin wanted to set up pro-Soviet
· In July the Americans had successfully governments to prevent attacks from other
countries but Truman didn't want this
tested an atomic bomb which they
announced to Stalin at the conference.…read more

Slide 5

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The Two Conferences
The two conferences were very different and this was because
there were a lot of differences between them. Truman had now
taken over as the American President after Roosevelt's death in
April 1945. He was much more against communism than
Roosevelt was which made the Potsdam conference a lot more
tense as he would be less willing to accept any communist ideas
from Stalin. The war had also ended between the two
conferences so The Big Three no longer had their common aim
of defeating Hitler because this had already been accomplished,
so they didn't have anything in common anymore which made
the conference slightly awkward. There were a lot more
disagreements at Potsdam than at Yalta which also made the
conference more tense as they couldn't seem to agree on thing
as easily as before.
Iron Curtain ­ Churchill had described the border separating Soviet-
controlled countries and the West as an `Iron Curtain' and the name stuck.…read more

Slide 6

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1926 - The
1917 ­ government
British and was
American convinced
troops sent that a
to fight in general
the civil war strike was February
against the the work of 1945 ­ The July-August 1945
communists Russian Yalta ­ The Potsdam
in Russia. agents. Conference. Conference.
1920 ­ Red 1930's ­ April 1945 ­
Scare in America disagreement President
as a result of the between the two Roosevelt
countries' huge countries as to dies and
fear of whether to keep later that
communism Germany crippled month
spreading. or not in the policy Hitler
of Appeasement. commits
suicide and
the war is
over.…read more

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