Weber: religion as a force for change

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Who is Weber's work often described as a debate with?
Marx.
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Why?
Marx saw material and economic factors alone as the driving force of change.
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What did Kautsky argue?
Weber overestimates the role of ideas and underestimates economic factors. Also, he argues that in fact capitalism preceded rather than followed capitalism.
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Who argued that technological change rather than religious ideas caused the birth of capitalism?
Tawney.
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It was only after capitalism was established that the bourgeoisie adopted calvinist beliefs to...
...legitimate their pursuit of economic gain.
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Weber has also been criticised because capitalism did not develop in every country where there was...
...capitalism.
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For example: Scotland had a large Calvinist but it was slow to ...
..develop capitalism.
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However, Weberians such as Marshall argue that this was due to...
....lack of investment capital and skilled labour.
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Calvinists were among the first capitalists not because of their belief system but because they were excluded...
...from many professions due to their beliefs.
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For example:
Jews in Nothern Europe were excluded from law/political office ect.
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Therefore, they turned to business because it was one of the...
...few alternatives open to them.
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However, Weberains reply that other religious minorities were also excluded in this way but did not become...
...successful capitalists.
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Card 2

Front

Why?

Back

Marx saw material and economic factors alone as the driving force of change.

Card 3

Front

What did Kautsky argue?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

Who argued that technological change rather than religious ideas caused the birth of capitalism?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

It was only after capitalism was established that the bourgeoisie adopted calvinist beliefs to...

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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