War and Surgery (SWHS Summer Homework)

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What were surgeons in the middle ages known as?
Barber Surgeons. They would cut your hair and also perform blood letting and tooth extractions.
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When was Ether first used as an anesthetic, and who discovered it?
1843 and William Thomas Green Morton
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Why was there so much death during the 'Black Period' of surgery?
Because the Germ Theory was not widely known or accepted, surgeons did not clean the operating theatres or their surgical equipment. They would perform surgeries in dirty clothes using dirty sheets.
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Who first discovered Antiseptics and helped enforce the use of them?
Joeseph Lister, who published his book Antiseptic Principle in the practice of surgery in 1867. After the books publish, mortality rates decreased.
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By what year had all four blood groups been discovered by, and who were they discovered by?
By 1902 Karl Landstiener had discovered all four blood types.
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Why was the discovery of Blood types important to surgery?
1. They explained why sometimes blood transfusions didn't work 2. They helped make sure blood transfusions were more efficient.
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

When was Ether first used as an anesthetic, and who discovered it?

Back

1843 and William Thomas Green Morton

Card 3

Front

Why was there so much death during the 'Black Period' of surgery?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

Who first discovered Antiseptics and helped enforce the use of them?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

By what year had all four blood groups been discovered by, and who were they discovered by?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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