UNIT 1 : Democracy

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Democracy
System of Gov. in which people are given the choice to free and fair elections along with opportunity to receive free and uncensored press as well as to speak freely about the voting process.
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Direct Democracy
System of Gov. that gives the people more power. Allows them influence Gov. decisions. e.g EU referendum in which registered voters decide whether to leave or remain.
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Democracy Theory
- Municipal vote e.g. police issues - Cantonal vote e.g. not smoking in public - National vote e.g. recognising same sex couples - Popular initiative/ prompt discussion, citizens come up w/the question to vote on
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Advantages of Democracy
Equal weight to vote proportionally representative political education increases turn out More opinion Definitive and decisive
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Disadvantages
Harder to make a decisions- 50/50 split not mandatory too much power to the media Tyranny of the majority Are we qualified? Impractical When people font vote it’s not conclusive
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Swiss minaret referendum 2009
•Popular initiative “against the construction of minarets” • 1,535,010 voted ‘yes’ 57.50% • 1,134,440 voted ‘no’ 42.50% • voter turnout 53.76% • giving people the vote incited hatred • right winged Swiss people party (SVP) • along with federal
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Advantages of Representative Democracy
Doesn’t encourage research Tactical voting Elected dictatorship Cheaper People feel their votes aren’t important haven’t specifically agreed to decisions made
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Disadvantages of Representative Democracy
Swift as referendum doesn’t occur. Gives issue’s to the more qualified Hold participants to account Provides people with more choice. - More than Y/N Encourages political education
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DOES THE UK HAVE A DEMOCRATIC DEFICIT?
- Level of trust ‘are lower than they were a decade ago ‘ - Election turnout has fallen sharply - Political Intuitions (1997 reforms ) have had little effect in increasing turnout - Participation outside the ballot box has increased
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UK IS SUFFERING FROM A PARTICIPATION CRISIS
Small Party membership ( in comparison) 500,000 member’s democratic Party in Italy Under 30’s in all parties are less than 16% -26th smallest In Europe - Low participation: people think elections are rigged. - Political inequality
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UK ISN’T SUFFERING FROM A PARTICIPATION CRISIS (P1)
- Party membership is generally in decline across Europe. Italy’s DP lost 100,000 in the past year - More young people are voting (ICM SURVEY 60 18-24 VOTED LABOUR) - Britons voted in snap general election Highest in 45 years
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UK ISN’T SUFFERING FROM A PARTICIPATION CRISIS (P2)
- Record number signed up to vote the day before. 600,000 names to electoral roles - Increased Number adding to the register. 453,000 new voters to sign up the day before (18-34yr olds).
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SHOULD 16 YEAR OLD's RECEIVE FRANCHISE?
- Employable -Leave school, join the army - More encouraged to take part in politics - 16-17 year olds more likely to vote than 18-24 year olds. - in a survey 60% said voting at 16. - Surge in young people showing support
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SHOULD 16 YEAR OLD's RECEIVE FRANCHISE? (ICM SURVEY)
75% of 16-17 year olds voted compared to 54% of 18-24 year old, 72% 25-34 year old.
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Card 2

Front

Direct Democracy

Back

System of Gov. that gives the people more power. Allows them influence Gov. decisions. e.g EU referendum in which registered voters decide whether to leave or remain.

Card 3

Front

Democracy Theory

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

Advantages of Democracy

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

Disadvantages

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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