Types and examples of migration.

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Name the 3 scales of migration.
1. Regional. 2. Local. 3. International.
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Name the 5 directions of migration.
1. Urban-urban. 2. Rural-urban. 3.Urban-rural. 4.MEDC-LEDC. 5.LEDC-MEDC.
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Name the 3 types of decision making.
1. Social. 2. Economic. 3. Environmental.
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Name the 2 causes of movement.
1. Forced. 2. Voluntary.
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Name the 3 different distances involved in migration.
1. Regional. 2. Short distance. 3. Long distance.
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Give an example of voluntary migration between MEDCs.
The 'brain drain' of doctors and scientists from the UK and Germany to the USA- The movement of East European workers into the UK following the expression of the EU in 2004.
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Give an example of forced migration between MEDCs.
Reparation of East Germans into the new Unified Germany after 1989.
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Give an example of voluntary migration from LEDCs to MEDCs.
The movement of Mexicans into the USA to work as casual employees in the farming communities of California.
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Give an example of forced migration from LEDCs to MEDCs.
Movement of large numbers of Syrian refugees and asylum seekers in many parts of the world. Also, movement of evacuees from Montserrat following the volcanic explosions in 1996.
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Give an example of voluntary migration from MEDCs to LEDCs.
The movement of aid workers from EU countries to the Sudan and Ethiopia.
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Give an example of voluntary migration between LEDCs.
The movement of migrant labour from Pakistan and Bangladesh to the oil-rich states of the Perisian Gulf.
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Give an example of forced migration between LEDCs.
Movement of Tutsi and Hutu peoples from Rwanda to the Democratic Republic of Congo because of the fear of genocide.
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What is distance decay?
The number of migrants declines as the distance between the origin and destination increases.
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What is the net migration rate?
It is the difference of immigrants and emigrants of an area in a period of time, divided per 1000 habitants.
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What do positive and negative net migration rates represent?
A positive value represents more people entering the country than leaving it- net migrational gain, surplus. A negative value means that there are more people leaving than entering- net migrational loss, deficit.
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

Name the 5 directions of migration.

Back

1. Urban-urban. 2. Rural-urban. 3.Urban-rural. 4.MEDC-LEDC. 5.LEDC-MEDC.

Card 3

Front

Name the 3 types of decision making.

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

Name the 2 causes of movement.

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

Name the 3 different distances involved in migration.

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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