What are the impacts of globalisation for countries, different groups of people and cultures and the physical environment?

What are the main cause of the global shift in manufacturing?
Differential labour costs - cheaper labour costs outside developed countries. All of locations where there are lax controls over pollution and working conditions.
1 of 26
What costs and benefits has China experienced as a result of the global shift in manufacturing?
Benefits: investment in infrastructure, waged work, poverty reduction, education and training, and recognition as a global economic power.
2 of 26
What costs has China experience as a result of the global shift in manufacturing?
Costs include: loss of agricultural productive land, unplanned settlements and serious environmental pollution.
3 of 26
Explain what is meant by the outsourcing of services.
Taking advantage of cheap but educated labour in developing countries, particularly in the setting up of call centre services.
4 of 26
Explain why India has proved so attractive to the outsourcing of services.
Plenty of fluent English-speakers (British colonial heritage). Plenty of university graduates looking for employment and good communications infrastructure in major cities for global connectivity.
5 of 26
Describe the problems experienced in the UK as a result of deindustrialisation.
Loss of jobs, and deindustrialisation has led to social and environmental problems - finding work for workers made redundant, dealing with industrial landscape scars and finding new uses for brownfield sites.
6 of 26
In what ways, if any, has the UK benefited from deindustrialisation?
Opportunities to remove outworn nineteenth century urban and industrial fabric - to redevelop it and rebrand it. Reduced pollution and improved environmental quality.
7 of 26
Suggest a definition of an 'economic migrant'.
A migrant whose primary motivation is to seek work, better working conditions or better remuneration.
8 of 26
Suggest a definition of a 'refugee'.
A person forced to flee their home because of persecution, as for example on religious or political grounds.
9 of 26
Name the cartographic technique widely used in migration studies.
Proportional flow lines.
10 of 26
Explain how technology is encouraging rural-urban migration.
Improvements in transport - speed and cost. Developments in communication are increasing awareness in rural areas of the opportunities in towns and cities.
11 of 26
Give an example of a megacity in a low-income country.
Dhaka, Lagos.
12 of 26
Give an example of a megacity in an emerging economy.
Rio de Janerio, Shanghai
13 of 26
Describe the social and environmental challenges of megacity growth.
Provison of decent and affordable housing; meeting demand for employment. Maintaining quality of urban environment - minimising pollution, providing proper infrastructure.
14 of 26
What is a global hub?
A highly globally-connected city or home region of a globally-connected country.
15 of 26
Identify the three types of migration leading to their growth.
Elite international, low-waged, internal (rural-urban)
16 of 26
Outline the ways in which migration costs the source location.
Loss of human resources, reduced economic growth as consumption falls, problems providing for an ageing population, closure of services geared to young adults.
17 of 26
Outline the ways in which migration costs the destination location.
Social tensions over jobs and housing; strain on social services, housing and social benefits, political resistence.
18 of 26
Identify three cultural traits.
Language, religion, diet, traditions, clothing.
19 of 26
Identify three players in the promotion of a global culture.
TNCs, mass media, migrants and tourists.
20 of 26
Give two examples of the new awareness of opportunities for disadvantaged groups.
Paralympic Games, legislation preventing discrimination in the workplacem specifically targeted help.
21 of 26
Identify three reasons why some people are opposed to globalisation.
Cultural erosion, environmental exploitation for benefit of other, more wealthy people, economic
22 of 26
What is meant by the term 'cultural landscape'?
The landscape of a place that has been shaped over time in characteristic ways by the combined action of natural and cultural processes.
23 of 26
Give two examples of cultural erosion.
Loss of minority languages and cultural traditions, spread of westernisation.
24 of 26
Give two examples of countries resisting cultural globalisation.
North Korea, France, China, Nigeria, Maldives.
25 of 26
Give reasons for the rise in the Chinese demand for meat.
Chinese traditional diet is largely rise and vegetables. The rise in the standard of living and the rise of consumerism meant many more Chinese people are now able to afford meat.
26 of 26

Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

What costs and benefits has China experienced as a result of the global shift in manufacturing?

Back

Benefits: investment in infrastructure, waged work, poverty reduction, education and training, and recognition as a global economic power.

Card 3

Front

What costs has China experience as a result of the global shift in manufacturing?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

Explain what is meant by the outsourcing of services.

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

Explain why India has proved so attractive to the outsourcing of services.

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
View more cards

Comments

No comments have yet been made

Similar Geography resources:

See all Geography resources »See all Globalisation resources »