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Criticisms of the church
Simony- buying and selling of church offices.Pluralism-holding more than one ecclestial office. Absenteeism- when a churchman did not carry out his office. uneducated priests- couldnt carry out the role properly.
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Anti papalism
Papacy seen as distant and corrupt represented by wolsey, ambitious for power embodied problems of the church
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suggestions of failings
Colets sermon 1511 called for reform from within. Hunne case 1514 no reaction church powerful and had support.More also but feared and hated heresy didnt want protestantism.
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support for the church
• Louth Church steeple cost £305 people loved it • Before 1530 most literature catholic A work of Householders bestseller • Scarisbrick found most of 2500 peoples wills left money to the church
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at heart a catholic, authored in defence of seven sacraments, believed heresy challenged his power
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Causes for annullment
no male heir only mary (1516), leviticus punishment, Anne boleyn, power over papacy
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opposition to annullment
deutornomny more persuasive, opposition to anne, Catherine popular, Charles V captured pope (1527), undermined popes authority
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Cranmers support
married henry and anne in jan 1533 then annulled catherine in may 1533. later responsible for english prayer books and articles
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established legal framework of the new church. prime architect of dissolution fo monastries (1536-40) executed for heresy 1540
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act in restraint of appeals 1533
england an empire not subject to pope and no legal case arising in England could be taken to Rome- break with rome
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Succession act 1534
marriage to anne legal catherine was not so Mary a ******* and Annes were heirs. enforced with oath that More and fisher refused
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Act of supremacy 1534
Henry supreme head of the church w/ complete power all kings of England had this
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Treason act 1534
treason could now be spoken so enforced these acts through Law
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Support for reformation
kings work had support of parliament and people, papacy disliked and people thought just temporary change, no grass roots changes political not religious revolution, believed rewards would be well distributed-education, poverty
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More, FIsher, carthusian monks, foreign opposition charles V papacy
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Dissolution of Monastries 1536-40
claimed corruption in church, in reality for wealth and Cromwell opposed concept, smaller monastries first as weak then larger ones, Cromwells propoganda good so people didnt notice. king used goods and property for short term debt
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Pilgrimage of Grace 1536
opposed expropriation of church wealth by crown, 30,000 rebels. wanted monastries restored &cranmer cromwell dismissed. unable to raise forces so negotiated till they dispersed then 1537 went back on promises excuted leaders and persecuted rebels
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Ten articles 1536 and bishops book 1538
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Cromwells injunctions
1536& 1538 improve spiritual education, provide english bible, destroy superstitious images and excessive holidays
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Religious reversal
politically protestant docrtinally catholic, cromwell overthrown 1540, kings book 1543 emphasised mass images and confession. faction fighting kept reformers in check till his death
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Anti papalism


Papacy seen as distant and corrupt represented by wolsey, ambitious for power embodied problems of the church

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suggestions of failings


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support for the church


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