Traditional Medicines CAMS

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  • Created by: amykane
  • Created on: 17-04-18 10:57
In 1790 who translated a Materia Medica written by william cullen?
Samuel Haynemann
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What did Dr cullen write about Peruvian bark (cinchona)?
that it was a treatment for malaria
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What did Hahneman find when he tested cinchona on himself?
He found that the toxicity reflected in the drug picture of Cinchona mirrored closely the symptoms that could be found in a person suffering from malaria.
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What did he link the toxicity of Belladonna to?
scarlet fever
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What is a proving?
the systematic procedure of testing substances on healthy patients to demonstrate the symptoms reflecting the use of the medicine.
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What are provers?
healthy patients
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What is homeopathy?
method of prescribing according to the matching of symptoms and a drug picture obtained through a ‘proving’ . "like cures like"
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What is the decimal dilution?
1:10 serial dilution (e.g. 6x or D6)
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What is the centesimal dilution?
1:100 serial dilution (e.g. 6, 6c, 6cH)
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What was the korskovian dilution?
1:1000 & 1:10,000 serial dilution
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What is Quinquagimillesima dilution?
Q or LM potencies based on serial dilutions of 1:50,000 at each level
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What is bee venom?
apis
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What is snake, spider venom and ink from squid?
sepia
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What are sarcodes>
emedies prepared from individual healthy organs or tissues, as well as from isolated bodily substances of human or animal origin.
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What are nosodes?
bodily samples from sick patients from sick patients
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What are allergodes?
used for allergy treatment, and remedy mixes are called complex medicines. e.g. pollen, animal hair etc
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What are tautopathic remedies?
Tautopathy is the method of curing or removing the bad effects of conventional drugs by means of identical potentised drugs. For. e.g., If you are suffering from the bad effects or side-effects of the antibiotic Penicillin by potentiating it
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In preparion of remedies, what does step 1 (extraction) involve?
material with alcohol and water into mother tincture (liquid preparation). then filtered to remove any debris
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What is required for solid material?
Initial trituration step with lactose
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What happens during step 2 (potentisation)?
Hahnemannian dilutions. MT diluted in alcohol/water (20-60%) in a glass vail. Solution vigorously shaken (succussion). then successive serial dilutions made using clean glass vials
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What does succussion do?
changes the structure of solvent molecules which gain ability to ‘memorise’ an imprint of the remedy
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In TCM what is yin
negative (cold, dark side of a mountain)
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In TCM what is yang
positive (heat, light, sunny side of mountain).
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Indian Ayurvedic Medicine believes there are 3 forces that govern who we are, what are they?
vata, pitta, kapha
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What are the herbs prohibited in UK?
Ones containing Aristolochia (causes kidney failure/cancer). Or Kava kava, Senecio.
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Benefits of ginkgo biloba
Improves cerebral and peripheral blood circulation. Used in the elderly to : reduce or prevent memory deterioration due to ageing and mild forms of dementia (early stage of Alzeihmer’s)
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Safety with using this?
avoid use with aspirin as can lead to excessive bleeding
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What about Echinacea Purpurea?
Treat wounds, skin infections, snake bites, burns, toothaches and sore throats (Native Americans) Used for skin inflammation, infected wounds, gargle for throat infections (mouthwash), to boost the immune system during colds and fl
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Safety?
Avoid in pregnancy/lactation Do not use if allergy to Chamomile, Feverfew, Arnica. Max 8 weeks use.
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What is hit identification?
NPs are screened for activity against a selected target
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What are hits?
Bioactive compounds are defined as ‘ hits
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What are pharmacodynamics (PD)?
What the drug does to the body (drug‐target interaction responsible for a pharmacological response).
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what about Pharmacokinetic (PK):?
What the body does to the drug (absorption, distribution, metabolism and excretion profile)
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What challenges are faced when trying to make natural products?
extreme low yields limited supply,, large scale production? complex structures , slow and expensive
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Card 2

Front

What did Dr cullen write about Peruvian bark (cinchona)?

Back

that it was a treatment for malaria

Card 3

Front

What did Hahneman find when he tested cinchona on himself?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

What did he link the toxicity of Belladonna to?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

What is a proving?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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