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The cooperative principle
we as speakers try to contribute meaningful, productive utterances to further the conversation. It then follows that, as listeners, we assume that our conversational partners are doing the same.
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The maxim of quantity
where one tries to be as informative as one possibly can, and gives as much information as is needed, and no more.
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The maxim of quality
where one tries to be truthful, and does not give information that is false or that is not supported by evidence.
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The maxim of relation
where one tries to be relevant, and says things that are pertinent to the discussion.
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The maxim of manner
when one tries to be as clear, as brief, and as orderly as one can in what one says, and where one avoids obscurity and ambiguity.
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Violating the Cooperative Principle
One instance in which a speaker might break the maxim of quality is if they are really trying to deceive the listener, a violation of the cooperation principle.
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Signaling a violation (minor violation)
A person might essentially come out and tell you they are violating a maxim and why.
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Flout
is the term for deliberately departing from a maxim, we as readers/listeners infer something from it.
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Violate
is the term for unintentionally departing from the maxims.
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Card 2

Front

where one tries to be as informative as one possibly can, and gives as much information as is needed, and no more.

Back

The maxim of quantity

Card 3

Front

where one tries to be truthful, and does not give information that is false or that is not supported by evidence.

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

where one tries to be relevant, and says things that are pertinent to the discussion.

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

when one tries to be as clear, as brief, and as orderly as one can in what one says, and where one avoids obscurity and ambiguity.

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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