1. The reaction between CFCs and ozone is an example of what kind of reaction?
- Free radical substitution
- Nucleophilic substitution
- Electrophilic addition
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2. What is the role of the ozone layer?
- It counteracts global warming.
- It absorbs the harmful UV radiation from the sun and so protects organisms on Earth from them.
- It makes sure that the Earth does not get too hot.
- It is a protective layer in the atmosphere preventing objects from outer space from entering Earth.
3. Why are CFCs harmful to the ozone layer?
- They break through the ozone layer and might get to outer space.
- CFCs are stable molecules so they are whole when they reach the ozone layer. Once there they react with ozone and in the long term can lead to the depletion of ozone. Harmful radiation from the sun can reach the Earth's surface.
- CFCs are highly reactive and so will react violently with ozone which is dangerous.
- CFCs cause global warming.
4. Which equation demonstrates the reaction beween ozone and a CFCs?
- O3 + CCl2F2 --> CCl2F2O3
- O3 + CCl2F2 --> CO + 2ClO + F2
- O3 + Cl --> O2 + ClO ClO + O --> Cl + O2
- O3 + Cl --> ClO3
5. Why were CFCs initially used?
- They are relatively unreactive, non-toxic and have a low flammability
- They are not harmful to human health.
- They are found readily and in abundance naturally.
- They are affordable.