The Origins of the Cold War 1945-48

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When was the Russian Revolution?
1917,
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When was the war of intervention and who was involved?
1919, Americans, French, British and Japanese vs Russia, Soviets believed the US wanted to destroy communism
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When was the Yalta conference and who was there?
February 1945, Roosevelt, Stalin, Churchill
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What were Stalin's promises at the Yalta conference?
He agreed to help the Americans in the east in their continuing war against Japan, agreed to try to persuade the Chinese communists to end their civil war, agreed to support the set up of the League of Nations, to allow free elections in Poland
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When was the Potsdam conference and who was there?
July 1945, Churchill and then Attlee, Truman and Stalin
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What was agreed at Potsdam?
Germany and Austria were to be temporarily divided and occupied + de-nazified, territory was taken from Germany and given to the Poles (moving Germany westward), USSR awarded reparations from Germany, West would accept Soviet backed gov of Poland
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When did Churchill make his Iron Curtain speech and where?
1946, Fulton, Missouri
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Why did Russia set up a Pro-Russian communist government in Poland?
To protect themselves, having been invaded twice in the past 50 years
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How many people had Russia lost in both World Wars?
20 million
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How many people did the US lose in both World Wars?
Fewer than 350,000
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When was the Atlantic charter and what was its aims?
1941, Made by US and GB. Put limits on the Powers taking territory, increase social welfare and lower trade barriers/ open up freedom of the seas
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What did Stalin propose in the 1930s and how did the West respond?
A 'popular front' against the rise of fascism, particularly in Nazi Germany
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Why did the suspicion in the West rise in 1939?
The signing of the Nazi-Soviet Pact.
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Card 2

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When was the war of intervention and who was involved?

Back

1919, Americans, French, British and Japanese vs Russia, Soviets believed the US wanted to destroy communism

Card 3

Front

When was the Yalta conference and who was there?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

What were Stalin's promises at the Yalta conference?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

When was the Potsdam conference and who was there?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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