The NEP

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What came after war communism?
The NEP
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What was Trotsky's sollution to the economic situation?
To extend conscription to the red army to working civilians
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What was the workers opposition?
A movement that was developing based on the disapproval of government control of trade unions
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Who was gaining popularity at the failure of the communists?
The Mensheviks
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What naval base had given high support to Lenin when he had taken over?
Kronstadt
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Where had the port of Kronstdat previously helped the Bolsheviks?
In the october revolution and throughout the civil war
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What had happened to the port of Kronstdat?
It now mainly consisted of conscripted ukrainians, not the origional supporters of Lenin
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What did the sailors of Kronstdat demand?
An end to the special position of the communist party, a relaxation of economic control and restoration of freedom of speech
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What were gulags?
Forced labour camps
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What did the sailors at Kronsdat do?
Led an open rebellion against Lenin
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Who was given the task of stopping the Kronstdat rebellion?
Trotsky
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How did Trotsky stop the Kronstdat rebellion?
He sent elite red guards across the ice to stop them
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What happened to the first attack by Trotsky?
It failed- 80% of troops died
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What happened to the second attempt at an attack?
It came at night and was sucessful
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How long did it take for the communists to quash the rebellion?
3 weeks
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What did Lenin announce at the tenth party conference?
The end to war communism
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What did the NEP do?
Ended grain requisitioning (instead the peasants only had to give part of their produce to the government, the rest they could sell but the had to pay a tax. Private trading was allowed to boost the availdability of good, new currency introduced.
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What did the ability to trade privately do?
Created a new class called the Nepman (private traders)
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What portion of trade was conducted by the Nepman?
Three quarters
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What did the introduction of a new currency do?
Ended inflation
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What did some communists think of the NEP?
That it was a betrayal of their ideas
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What did Lenin ban?
Factions and all other political parties as he knew that the NEP was going to be unpopular and may have caused splits
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What did the NEP do?
Loosened economic controls but tightened political control
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What was the positive impact of the NEP?
It had an almost immediate effect, markets returned, food shortages were stopped and the famine came to an end. Coal and textile production doubled and livestock numbers increased.
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What was the negative impacts of the NEP?
Caused the scissor crisis where as agricultural produce rose, prices dropped and industrial prices rose. This lead to unemployment. It also caused a divide amongst the communist party.
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Card 2

Front

What was Trotsky's sollution to the economic situation?

Back

To extend conscription to the red army to working civilians

Card 3

Front

What was the workers opposition?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

Who was gaining popularity at the failure of the communists?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

What naval base had given high support to Lenin when he had taken over?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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