The Great Terror Part One (Purges in Stalin's Russia)

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What was Stalin's secret police force initially called?
OGPU
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For what did Kirov receive more votes than Stalin?
Central Committee election at the Congress of Victors, 1934
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Initially the OGPU did not use physical methods on Party members, what was this called?
The Dry Guillotine
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How many more votes did Kirov receive that Stalin?
298
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What early purges dealt with "wreckers"?
Shakhy Engineers and State Agricultural Officials (1933)
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When was Kirov murdered?
December 1934
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To exclude him from the Politburo, where did Stalin keep Kirov?
Leningrad
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What was Leonid Nikolayez supposedly working for?
A Trotskyite-Zinovievite terror group
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How long after Kirov's murder was the decree issued authorising the execution without trial of political prisoners?
Several hours
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How many political prisoners were shot following Kirov's murder?
100
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How many people were exiled in Leningrad in the months folowing the decree?
30 to 40 thousand
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Who was tried in the Trial of the Sixteen, 1936?
Zinoviev, Kamanev and 14 others
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How many other Communists disappeared without trial following The Trial of the Sixteen?
43
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What system was first used in the Trial of the Seventeen, 1937?
Nicolai Yezhov's "conveyer belt system"
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How many from the Trial of the Seventeen, 1937 were sent to gulags?
4
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What did the 10th September 1937 Pravda article announce about Bukharin?
Vyshinsky had closed his investigation on Bukharin
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What doctirine was adopted by the Central Committee in 1937 to justify terror?
"Sharpening class struggle"
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Who was charged with attempting to assassinate Lenin?
Bukharin
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What did Stalin threaten to do to Bukharin before his trial?
Murder his wife and new born
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After what was Yagoda replaced by Yezhov?
The Trial of the Sixteen
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Bukharin's secret report, 1928 claimed what about Yagoda?
He supported the right of the Party, not Stalin
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Who had Yagoda allowed to commit suicide before trial?
Tomsky
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When did Stalin circulate demands to root out Party spies and traitors?
Spring 1937
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What did Yezhov famously remark about Party purges?
"Better to overdo do it than not do enough"
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The overfulfilling of purge targets was similar to what in industry?
Overfulfilling of 5 Year Plan targets
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Who from the Red Army confessed to treason in June 1937?
8 Generals
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How many Party members were convicted between 1934 and 1938?
330,000
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In the 18 months following the Generals' confessions how many soldiers were purged?
34,000
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What was issued by the Politburo demanding the removal of "anti-Soviet elements" of society?
Order No. 00447
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A list of >250,000 people was produced by what?
The NKVD
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What were the two main reasons for denunciations?
Survival tactic and personal gain
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When did Yezhov resign?
November 1938
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When was Yezhov executed?
February 1940
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What did Yezhov claim his only crime was?
Killing too few Russians
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How many of Yezhov's "associates" were executed?
346
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What did Beria famously remark about the purges?
"When you stop murdering people by the million, they start to get ideas"
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Where and when was Trotsky killed?
In his house in Mexico in August 1940
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What did the Show Trials supposedly prove?
Anti-government activity
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How many army officers were purged?
35,000
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How many NKVD agents were purged?
23,000
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Card 2

Front

For what did Kirov receive more votes than Stalin?

Back

Central Committee election at the Congress of Victors, 1934

Card 3

Front

Initially the OGPU did not use physical methods on Party members, what was this called?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

How many more votes did Kirov receive that Stalin?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

What early purges dealt with "wreckers"?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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